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noun businessperson, chandler, dealer, distributer, distributor, entrepreneur, handler, hawker, huckster, mercator, merchandiser, middleman, monger, peddler, retailer, salesperson, seller, shopkeeper, shopman, storekeeper, trader, vendor
Foreign phrases: Jus accrescendi inter mercatores, pro beneficio commercii, locum non habet.The right of surrivorship does not exist between merchants for the benefit of commerce.
See also: dealer, supplier, vendor

LAW, MERCHANT. A system of customs acknowledged and taken notice of by all commercial nations; and those customs constitute a part of the general law of the land; and being a part of that law their existence cannot be proved by witnesses, but the judges are bound to take notice of them ex officio. See Beawes' Lex Mercatoria Rediviva; Caines' Lex Mercatoria Americana; Com. Dig. Merchant, D; Chit. Comm. Law; Pardess. Droit Commercial; Collection des Lois Maritimes anterieure au dix hutiŠme siŠcle, par Dupin; Capmany, Costumbres Maritimas; II Consolato del Mare; Us et Coutumes de la Mer; Piantandia, Della Giurisprudenze Maritina Commerciale, Antica e Moderna; Valin, Commentaire sur l'Ordonnance de la Marine, du Mois d'Aout, 1681; Boulay-Paty, Dr. Comm.; Boucher, Institutions au Droit Maritime.

MERCHANT. One whose business it is to buy and sell merchandise; this applies to all persons who habitually trade in merchandise. 1 Watts & S. 469; 2 Salk. 445.
     2. In another sense, it signifies a person who owns ships, and trades, by means of them, with foreign nations, or with the different States of the United States; these are known by the name of shipping merchants. Com. Dig. Merchant, A; Dyer, R. 279 b; Bac. Ab. h.t.
     3. According to an old authority, there are four species of merchants, namely, merchant adventurers, merchant dormant, merchant travellers, and merchant residents. 2 Brownl. 99. Vide, generally, 9 Salk. R. 445; Bac. Ab. h.t.; Com. Dig. h.t.; 1 Bl. Com. 75, 260; 1 Pard. Dr. Com. n. 78

References in periodicals archive ?
He said good-bye to the merchant ship and headed for Baltimore.
LOST AT SEA: Above RMS Leinster's crew and, below, the torpedoed merchant ship and Captain William Birch
Washington [USA], August 22 ( ANI ): United States President Donald Trump has offered condolences to the US Navy sailors who were aboard the US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS John S McCain which collided with a merchant ship Alnic MC in waters east of Singapore and the Straits of Malacca.
More than a year ago, the Iranian Navy reported engaging in a 36-hour battle with pirates over one merchant ship, making it one of the longest battles in the history of naval warfare.
On observing the approaching merchant vessel onto their fishing nets/gear, it is common for the fishing boats to raise alarm and to "sail towards" the merchant ship to attract attention so as to avoid damage to their nets," Khatri said.
The charges stemmed from a 2008 attack on a Danish merchant ship, which was
The Aden Gulf-based Coastguard said that Somali pirates had kidnapped a merchant ship (ice burg) 10 nautical miles off the coast of Ahwar in Abyan governorate, the Interior Ministry reported on Tuesday .
One incident saw Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessel Wave Knight aid merchant ship Handy Tankers Magic off the coast of Bahrain.
To see two tug boats taking a huge merchant ship into the Middlesbrough dock was a sight indeed, no trouble at all, which brought to light the great skills of the captains and crews of these small boats.
Lyle Dupra of Rochester, New York, was an 18-year-old guardsman aboard the merchant ship SS John Alden in October 1944 when Japanese planes attacked the vessel.
Summary: Washington [USA], August 21 (ANI): The US Navy guided-missile destroyer USS John S McCain on Monday collided with a merchant ship Alnic MC in waters east of Singapore and the Straits of Malacca.

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