The Tutteshams and William Layston claimed that Alice had built the new tenement using the timbers and tiles from the old ones, adding a claim that she had "suffered the grete messuage
or tenement called the cross keis to run greatlye to ruiyn and decay, and divers other lesser tenements, for want of necessarye and sufficient reparacions, to the greate scandale and impechment of the inheritance belonging to this defendant William Layston." (73) Other evidence we will see below supports the claim that the Cross Keys had become run-down and in need of repairs by the late 1580s.
The singular "meassuage" is strange, since the will refers above to "meassuages," and these were undoubtedly the several messuages
included in the HR transactions examined later in this essay.
By outlining a policy of how the law should treat those suffering from fever or madness, and backed by contemporary jurisprudence, the Crown invites the Sheriff to find sympathy with Robert's suicidal suffering from infirmity by restoring her father's messuage
to Alice in spite of Robert's self-killing.
of woodland, and half of a messuage
in Walsham of the bondage of this manor, to the use of Joan Margery and Alice Margery , daughters of John and Hilary.
The Smiths had obviously prospered and now owned property, for a messuage
was a house with its out buildings and attached land and William was able to rent it out.
He explains that he owned "one messuage
or tenemente wth thappurtenances theare vnto belonginge" together with two parcels of land containing six acres in Bures St.
The labour of children might not be relied upon if they could purchase or lease a holding without being obliged to wait for the devolution of the parental messuage
. Conversely, children could never be certain of their inheritance when a single parent controlled the timing and direction of the devolution of property.
In 1549, when the seizure and redistribution of church property under the court of Augmentations was in full swing, he is recorded with William Pampion and John Hawclif to have held several properties in the parish of St Margaret's; these included 'the messuage
called le Axe and the two messuages
and buildings, shops, etc.
Thomas Monoux died on 4 December 1537, leaving the properties to his eight-year-old son George, and an inquisition post mortem taken on 27 October 1538 enumerated them, including 'the messuage
called the Poppeshed'.
At Newington Butts Jerome Savage got a "messuage
" in connection with which to build his playhouse and some 4,500 square feet of ground for [pounds sterling]2 13s 4d a year--in a remote place in 1576, and from 1577 the lessor tried hard to cancel the lease.
The same hot-blooded Warren was accused of 'desseizing John Hackluit Esquire of one messuage
100 acres of land and 20 acres of land and 30 acres of meadow .
By way of comparison, Peter's killer, Edward Drew, inherited in 1598 the chief messuage
, mansion house, barton, and demesne lands of Combe Rawlegh, Devon.