Animal

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Related to metazoan: Myxozoan, Bilaterian

ANIMAL, property. A name given to every animated being endowed with the power of voluntary motion. In law, it signifies all animals except those of the him, in species.
     2. Animals are distinguished into such as are domitae, and such as are ferae naturae.
     3. It is laid down, that in tame or domestic animals, such as horse, swine, sheep, poultry, and the like, a man may have an absolute property, because they continue perpetually in his possession and occupation, and will not stray from his house and person unless by accident or fraudulent enticement, in either of which cases the owner does not lose his property. 2 Bl. Com. 390; 2 Mod. 319. 1.
     4. But in animals ferae naturae, a man can have no absolute property; they belong to him only while they continue in his keeping or actual possession; for if at any they regain their natural liberty, his property instantly ceases, unless they have animum revertendi, which is only to be known by their usual habit of returning. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546; Bro. Ab. Propertie, 37; Com. Dig. Biens, F; 7 Co. 17 b; 1 Ch. Pr. 87; Inst. 2, 1, 15. See also 3 Caines' Rep. 175; Coop. Justin. 457, 458; 7 Johns. Rep. 16; Bro. Ab. Detinue, 44.
     5. The owner of a mischievous animal, known to him to be so, is responsible, when he permits him to go at large, for the damages he may do. 2 Esp. Cas. 482; 4 Campb. 198; 1 Starkie's Cas. 285; 1 Holt, 617; 2 Str.1264; Lord Raym. 110; B. N. P. 77; 1 B. & A. 620; 2 C. M.& R. 496; 5 C.& P. 1; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 187. This principle agrees with the civil law. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 2, t. 8, s. 2. And any person may justify the killing of such ferocious animals. 9 Johns. 233; 10. Johns. 365; 13 Johns. 312. The owner, of such an animal may be indicted for a common nuisance. 1 Russ. Ch. Cr. Law, 643; Burn's Just., Nuisance, 1.
     6. In Louisiana, the owner of an animal is answerable for the damage he may cause; but if the animal be lost, or has strayed more than a day, he may discharge himself from this responsibility, by abandoning him to the person who has sustained the injury; except where the master turns loose a dangerous or noxious animal; for then he must pay all the harm done, without being allowed to make the abandonment. Civ. Code, art. 2301. See Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Following the appearance of the small shelly fossils, the diverse metazoan fossil communities of the Chengjiang in China are dated at around 525-520 million years, 20 million years after the beginning of the Cambrian.
To understand the broader pattern of 18S size change, it is useful to look at the evolution of the 18S gene in other metazoan taxa.
Anaerobic multicellular organisms exist today, but their complexity is limited compared with that of aerobic metazoans. In any case, it is noteworthy that the recapitulation of ancient-life features, such as anaerobic metabolism during early embryogenesis, seems to be essential for the accomplishment of normal ontogenesis even for vertebrates.
Metazoan parasites as potential markers for selected Gulf of Alaska rockfishes.
What is it about these conserved cellular processes that allowed the diversification of metazoans into more than 30 distinct phyla?
Most metazoan mitochondria have 22 tRNA genes, including two copies of trnL (recognizing the codons UUR and CUN) and two copies of trnS (recognizing AGN and UCN); all the other amino acids are handled by one tRNA species each (Podsiadlowski et al.
altiparanae metazoan parasites collected at another point on the Batalha River on the municipality of Bauru, State of Sao Paulo, from August 2013 to July 2014 and the results were different from those found in the present study.
Currently, there are five recognized families of CAs spanning an assemblage of taxonomic groupings: [alpha]-CA, [beta]-CA, [gamma]-CA, [delta]-CA, and [xi]-CA; metazoan genes are closely associated with the [alpha]-CA family (Chegwidden et al., 2000).
The meiofauna represents the most abundant metazoan group in the marine benthic system, distributed from the intertidal to abyssal depths, and with productivity rates similar to or higher than those of macrofauna (Gerlach, 1971; Giere, 9009).
The appendix, prepared by Sarah Tweedt, is a compilation of first appearances of major metazoan clades in the fossil record.