The aim of the present paper is to review the literature on the physiological process and hormonal control of lactogenesis, the milk ejection
reflex ('let down'), and the effect of alcohol on these processes in both the short term and long term.
The results showed a significant decrease in oxytocin level, which correlates with the decline of milk ejection
and production, dismissing the lore that alcohol is a galactagogue.
As the baby suckles at the breast (or the suction of the pump begins), a signal is sent from the breast to the brain to release oxytocin, which initiates the milk ejection
or let-down reflex and causes the milk to flow.