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In the mammary tissue, the reduction in milk lipid content was characterized by lower concentrations of de novo synthesized fatty acids (FA [less than or equal to] C 16:0) as a consequence of inhibition of several genes related to lipid synthesis (data not shown).
Chilliard Y, Ferlay A, Rouel J, Lamberet G (2003) A review of nutritional and physiological factors affecting goat milk lipid synthesis and lipolysis.
The results were similar to those found in the milk lipid of Pakistan buffalo (Talpur et al., 2008).
Polychlorinated POPs n Mean [+ or -] SD Minimum PCDD/F (pg/g blood lipid) 118 14.5 [+ or -] 6.4 2.9 PCB (pg/g blood lipid) 118 6.9 [+ or -] 3.8 1.2 PCDD/F + PCB (pg/g blood lipid) 118 21.5 [+ or -] 9.6 4.2 PCDD/F (pg/g milk lipid) 101 11.6 [+ or -] 5.0 3.0 PCB (pg/g milk lipid) 101 9.0 [+ or -] 4.9 1.9 PCDD/F + PCB (pg/g milk lipid) 101 20.5 [+ or -] 9.1 5.0 Polychlorinated POPs P5 P50 P95 Maximum PCDD/F (pg/g blood lipid) 6.0 13.0 28.5 32.9 PCB (pg/g blood lipid) 2.0 6.0 13.7 25.5 PCDD/F + PCB (pg/g blood lipid) 8.0 19.5 38.9 58.4 PCDD/F (pg/g milk lipid) 4.5 10.9 19.8 29.4 PCB (pg/g milk lipid) 3.3 8.6 16.2 32.2 PCDD/F + PCB (pg/g milk lipid) 7.9 19.8 35.8 50.8 P5, P50, and P95 are 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles.
Very few studies have been conducted regarding the milk lipid digestion and according to Miled et al.
Excretion of POPs in breast milk lipids was driven by children's breast milk consumption and breast milk lipid content.
Concentrations in milk samples from this study were also higher, comparing lipid-adjusted concentrations (nanograms per gram milk lipid), than were corresponding concentrations in blood samples provided by mostly African-American pregnant women in a Maryland study during the same time period (Herbstman et al.
Total milk lipid was extracted using hexane:isopropanol (3:2 vol/vol) mixture at a 7:4 solvent:ration sample volume (Mire et al., 1999).
1988) and an initial review of earlier data suggested that on a population basis, breast milk lipid concentrations of persistent lipophilic compounds generally reflect blood lipid levels, albeit with significant variations in these ratios among individuals (Aylward et al.
Feeding lactating dairy cows diets supplemented with oilseeds rich in 18:2n-6 reduce markedly milk saturated fatty acid content and, concomitantly, enhance milk lipid 18:2cis(c)9trans(t) 11 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) concentration (Collomb et al., 2004).