Miscarriage

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MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the study found that women who took a daily multivitamin before conception and through early pregnancy were less likely to miscarry than women who did not.
Ninety-eight per cent of twin pregnancies that did not miscarry were not growth restricted.
WOMEN are experiencing unnecessary heartbreak as they miscarry due to poor NHS services, two new surveys suggest.
"This research has, for the first time, offered us a tool to begin to attempt to rescue pregnancies threatening to miscarry when, currently all we can do is fold our hands and hope for the best," she said.
Last year, when Amanda miscarried at four months, she said: "I have such a charmed and lovely life and never imagined I would miscarry a baby." She's right.
Amanda told of her anguish at that loss recently, saying: "I have such a charmed and lovely life and I just never imagined I would miscarry a baby.
Tokyo police arrested a university hospital doctor Tuesday on suspicion of drugging his pregnant girlfriend with a hormonal agent and causing her to miscarry, the police said.
Chemicals in tobacco smoke can cause a whole range of problems - from there being a 26 per cent greater risk that the mother will miscarry or experience a stillbirth to the baby being born at a smaller birth weight."
A MIDLAND drink-driver who caused the death of his friend, and a pregnant girl to miscarry, when he crashed into another car has failed to get his jail term cut.
Staffordshire woman Karen Clayton, an auxiliary at Good Hope Hospital, is aiming to raise awareness of the need for more research into why women miscarry.
Medical textbooks, US government statistics and many obstetrician/gynecologists state that about 15 percent of pregnant women will miscarry. But this number refers only to "clinical" pregnancies--those confirmed by a pregnancy test at a doctor's office.