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MISDIRECTION, practice. An error made by a judge in charging the jury in a special case.
     2. Such misdirection is either in relation to matters of law or matters of fact.
     3.-1. When the judge at the trial misdirects the jury, on matters of law, material to the issue, whatever may be the nature of the case, the verdict will be set aside, and a new trial granted; 6 Mod. 242; 2 Salk. 649; 2 Wils. 269; or if such misdirection appear in the bill of exceptions or otherwise upon the record, a judgment founded on a verdict thus obtained, will be reversed. When the issue consists of a mixed question of law and fact and there is a conceded state of facts, the rest is a question for the court; 2 Wend. R. 596; and a misdirection in this respect will avoid the verdict.
     4.-2. Misdirection as to matters of fact will in some cases be sufficient to vitiate the proceedings. If, for example, the judge should undertake to dictate to the jury. When the, judge delivers, his opinion to the jury on a matter of fact, it should be delivered as mere opinion, and not as direction. 12 John. R. 513. But the judge is in general allowed to very liberal discretion in charging a jury on matters of fact. 1 McCl. & Y. 286.
     5. As to its effects, misdirection must be calculated to do injustice; for if justice has been done, and a new trial would produce the same result, a new trial will not be granted on that account, 2 Salk. 644, 646; 2 T. R. 4; 1 B. & P. 338; 5 Mass. R. 1; 7 Greenl. R. 442; 2 Pick. R. 310; 4 Day's R. 42; 5 Day's R. 329; 3 John. R. 528; 2 Penna. R. 325.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], October 23 ( ANI ): After the Supreme Court sought a detailed reply from the Gujarat Government in connection with the Bilkis Bano gangrape case, the victim's counsel, Shobha Gupta, said the police officers manipulated the investigation in a manner to misdirect it.
* Your call was purposely misdirected as part of an experiment that Al Gore is conducting on the tolerance level of the American computer user to poor service.
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* Misdirection: When a story damaging to the cartel picks up too much momentum to be spiked outright, the media will often try to misdirect the public's attention to another story.
Saddam was a tyrant who used his power to oppress his own people and misdirect revenue from Iraqi oil.
Lord Allanbridge, who heard the appeal with Lord Cameron and Lord Caplan, said: "We consider that the trial judge did misdirect the jury.
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chief Minister Mahmood Khan has directed to further strengthen the belt for absolute austerity drive, maintaining strict financial discipline, discouraging the wastage and misdirected use of resources and the resources incurred thus could be diverted to public welfare, institutional strengthening and efficient delivery both in governance and social sectors.
The landslide in Itogon, Benguet, resulting in dozens of deaths testifies to the government's misdirected environmental program.
Sotto misdirected on criminalizing children rights group !-- -- (philstar.com) - September 26, 2018 - 5:11pm MANILA, Philippines The proposal of Senate President Vicente "Tito" Sotto to reform the minimum age of criminal liability in the country would do nothing to address why children become involved in crime, a children's rights group said.
Figures released by the Home Office following a Freedom of Information request show 2,328 passengers were misdirected last year - an average of six a day, and an increase of 70% compared with 1,364 in 2016.
The DPP in his appeal said, Justice Ogola misdirected himself in law by considering extraneous matters such as the status of Mr Joho being the governor thereby arriving at a wrong decision.He further argued that the judge misdirected himself in finding that Mr Joho was being discriminated against on account of his political views which were neither pleaded nor conversed before him by either parties.