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After a hiatus following innovation in the misrule of 1539-40, there are extant records of costume chests in 15 5 0-1, (102) of visits by parish Lords of 'trinitie parish' and 'saint andrewes' who performed 'shewes' in 1552-3, (103) and of payments to 'ye carpenter for .
Not coincidentally, then, apart from the initial eruption of misrule in the wake of Cromwell's propaganda, the bulk of the Tudor Cambridge records of Christmas Lords appear at protestant centers during the Edwardian period.
Together, the Edwardian Cambridge records and Shepherd's satire foreshadow the iconoclastic humour to come, on a larger scale, from the Lord of Misrule as embodied by Ferrers.
The hobby-horse is forgot': Unintended Consequences of Ferrers's Misrule
A great deal of insight into the fundamentally evangelical character of George Ferrers's misrule can be gleaned from exceptionally detailed Revels accounts and the colorful reactions of contemporary chroniclers, diplomats, and diarists.
Catholic practices at which Ferrers's misrule took aim included religious processions.
127) In misrule the following year, which, Ferrers warned a rival, 'was not of our device but of the Counseills appoyntement', (128) St.
Ferrers's evangelical propaganda represented Catholicism as both carnivalesque and wicked, since, in addition to adopting the Apocalyptic beast as his emblem, the Lord of Misrule appears seated upon 'a dragons head and dragons mowthe of plate and stoppes to burne like fier'.
Furthering anti-papist hostility, Ferrers's 1551-2 entertainment in London, culminating in his arrival at the scaffold at Cheapside Cross, required 'stockes', 'a pyllary', 'a payer of manacles', 'Ieylers', and, most ominously, a 'hedding block, all of which were 'boghte for the lorde of misrule and occupied abowte hym'.
This later stereotypical antipathy, and the otherwise curious belief that the Hobby horse was a popish image, makes it all the more striking that the anti-papist Edwardian revels during Ferrers's reign as Lord of Misrule focused disproportionately on the Hobby horse.
Just how evangelicals finally made this transition to utter antipathy toward misrule is a question requiring much more research, since early evangelical uses have heretofore gone largely unrecognized.
Liked Not': Marian Disruption of Evangelical Misrule