modify sentence

See: commute
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This modern variation on common law sentence modification allows legislatures to define the circumstances under which judges may modify sentences that have already commenced.
The State of Maryland is in many ways traditional, conferring jurisdiction on trial courts to modify sentences through its own Rule 35(b) analog, Maryland Rule of Court 4-345.
(169) Equally unique is the broad discretionary authority enjoyed by Maryland judges who can, and often do, modify sentences for a wide range of reasons.
Since the amendment took effect in 2004, Maryland trial judges have continued to exercise broad discretion to modify sentences. Although counties are not required to track "motions for sentence reconsideration," as they are colloquially known, the Maryland Sentencing Commission does collect data on cases in which judges reduce the sentences of violent felons.
(194) That these motions were filed by a law school clinic with stringent screening standards, rather than by pro se litigants, may explain the relatively high grant rate; however, insofar as the study remains descriptive of Wisconsin practice, it suggests Wisconsin judges continue to exercise their power to modify sentences within the confines of "new factor" law.
The next question, then, is whether judges will want to hold hearings and modify sentences. Mechanisms for early release are only meaningful to the extent that they are utilized, and it is fair to ask whether judges would want to revisit sentencing decisions that may have been difficult to render in the first instance.
It describes the decline in judges' discretion to formulate and modify sentences. In the early 1800s, judges recommended pardons by writing directly to the president.