moral faculty

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When John asserts that, say, his conscience requires pacifism, he acknowledges pacifism as a deliverance of this moral faculty. It is often claimed that an intervention, such as conscripting John to fight in a war, violates his conscience.
Hume's moral faculty, based on the sentiments, bridged what ordinarily was thought as a rational instinct self contained, to an immediate response of more generalized feelings of humanity.
Hauser's approach to studying morality endorses the extremely problematic modular hypothesis, according to which the mind can be analyzed into numerous distinct modules of which one is the 'moral faculty'.
Moral sense cannot be confused with a determination of reason, which can only look for and know means to reach the ends perceived by it, and is only circumscribed to this moral faculty. (21) In the context of the empirical epistemolgy followed by Hutcheson, reason is only an association of ideas, and it is impossible to explain how this association could present the mind with a moral object which has not been known before by perception, since ideas are only reflections on perceptions.
As the founding generation understood and used it, the phrase "common sense" expressed "experience and a common moral faculty" that people could use to make moral judgments about society and human nature.
In "The Rabbinic Social Contract," Maccoby reads accounts in Tosefta Avodah Zarah 8 and TB AZ as displaying another dialectical lesson: humanity has a natural moral faculty (displayed in the Noahide laws), but it is weak and needs supplementation by revealed instruction ("he who is commanded and does stands higher than he is not commanded and does").
Faced with Jesus' warning "Judge not lest you be judged," Midgley insists that Jesus is not taking aim at our moral faculty of judgment but instead criticizing vindictiveness.
The idea is that like our perceptual faculty, our moral faculty can be improved in the sense that we can learn to discriminate more finely via experience.
The enlightened self-interest model acts as some sort of surrogate for this moral faculty and, were it firmly tethered to general ethical theory, we might welcome it as an ingenious application of social contract theory.
The primary moral faculty for Jefferson, however, was not the intellect but the "moral sense." For Jefferson, a moral sense was a more reliable faculty than reason, because reason is often and easily led into error.
This is seen best in the chapter on learning theory and conditioning, a body of work which depends on the assumptions, first, that criminal behaviour somehow equates with a measurable deficiency in a hypothetical moral faculty and secondly, that physical processes determine behaviour without the intervention of any real mental element.
It is manifest [that al great part of common language, and of common behavior over the world, is formed upon supposition of such a moral faculty; whether called conscience, moral reason, moral sense, or divine reason; whether considered as a sentiment of the understanding, or as a perception of the heart; or, which seems the truth, as including both.(25)