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Right moral principles are neither easily wrought nor innate but can seem to be so because we often take for granted the Christian (or Christianized) milieu in which we have been raised.
Dworkin claims that the framers "misunderstood the moral principle that they themselves enacted into law," because school segregation is a violation of equal moral status.
The group involved with the national climate ethics campaign came together to declare that the individual, organizational and collective decisions we make now about how to respond to climate change must be based on our nation's long-held moral principles.
For example, the moral principle expressed or conveyed by "Causing pain is wrong" could be that any token act of the type causing pain is pro tanto wrong in virtue thereof provided that it (also) instantiates the normative basis for causing pain's being a (contributory) wrong-making reason--i.
It is valid to have delineated this study to those IGOs that adopted human rights, but another study might discover different factors or patterns, and contribute to a clearer understanding of how IGOs and member states relate with each other with regard to moral principles.
In applying the moral principle of fidelity, school counselors make explicit and implicit promises to clients that they will actively work against disclosing clients' secrets, except under agreed upon conditions.
Through an investigation of the international norms against interstate assassination and the aerial bombardment of civilians, Thomas exposes how abstract moral principles are refracted through the lens of great powers' interests to become specific precepts for the conduct of international affairs--ones that retain ethical content but that also serve the ends of the powerful.
1) That moral principles are liable to be misused as devices of retrospective rationalization is one of the dangers of principles that moral particularists are fond of pointing out.
Hadley Arkes in his First Things: An Inquiry into the First Principles of Morals and Justice likewise notes approvingly Lincoln's affirmation of the reality of moral principles while noting that the arguments of his adversary Stephen Douglas anticipate "the perspective of 'cultural relativism,' the view that there are no moral truths which hold their validity across cultures.
In other words, even if some past legal decisions are mistaken, does not the moral principle that requires us to treat past and present litigants "equally" thereby require us to abandon correct moral principles in favor of principles that "fit" the past cases, including the mistaken ones@ Is not Dworkin's method, which is the best account of ARIL, really what is morally required of us after all, rather than a perverse departure from morality?
For example, it is sometimes thought that highly general moral principles are more useful than more specific ones, since (among other things) such principles can help us to resolve our moral disputes about more specific matters.
Thus, one such moral principle is "Coercion is morally wrong".