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mother

see PARENTAGE.

MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: Damas, leading retailer of stylish watches and jewellery in the Middle East unveils two exceptional luxury timepieces for women from Jaquet Droz -- the Date Astrale and the L'Heure CE[umlaut]leste in its Hommage Paris 1785 series crafted in 18k white gold, diamonds and mother-of-pearl. While Date Astrale unites the celestial beauty of the heavens with the natural wonders of a Polynesian paradise, its exuberant, sleek, and ultra-feminine, L'Heure CE[umlaut]leste model is a stunning Haute Couture jewellery watch.
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At the heart of the design is an original expression of the Maison's heritage: the iconic Montblanc emblem reimagined in pink gold and mother-of-pearl. As the double-faced snowcap rotates, it reveals mother-of-pearl on the one side and a satinated gold surface on the other side so that the wearer can effortlessly express her individual style.
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Experts have nicknamed cloud formations like this"fire rainbows" or "rainbow clouds", however they're scientific names are nacreous, mother-of-pearl or iridescent clouds.