mother

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mother

see PARENTAGE.

MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

References in periodicals archive ?
I find that I'm mothering my high school students who come to me for help with writing their essays.
Among our great mothering stories are the memoirs of Maya Angelou.
They made clear that living an exclusively domestic life was so bad for mothers that it ultimately compromised the quality of their mothering. As one manual put it, time away from a child helps a mother "to enjoy him more and have a more creative relationship with him when she gains relief from the tensions of full time responsibility for his care." (66) Whiteside Taylor concurred: "No one should have to stay on duty twenty-four hours a day ...
Their 1915 brochure announced the opening of Aloha Hive, featuring "all the same attractions which have made the other camps so popular, with the additional mothering which younger girls desire and need." Guided closely by her counselor, each Hiver was encouraged to develop her own personality, stand on her own, and take responsibility.
They may overlook evidence showing that even when there is more than adequate mothering, paternal absence can produce short-term effects such as difficulties in achievement and goal-directed behavior and curtailment of aggressive or anti-social impulses, and long-term effects such as difficulties with adult roles involving cross-sex relationships and the ability to work productively (Rodgers & Pryor, 1998).
Representations of female sexuality and reproduction, the breast and the uterus, the ideal mother and the murderous witch, are all treated through various cross-cultural and interdisciplinary prisms; the sources in which these ideas are examined include mothering guidebooks, medical works, didactic treatises, reformation polemics, literary texts, and carnival plays, as well as paintings (especially by women artists) and even musical scores and songs.