Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dorsally placed buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty using one-stage transperineal approach is a feasible method in treatment of long urethral strictures with minimal complications.
Malone, "The use of a dorsal buccal mucosal graft with urethral plate incision (Snodgrass) for hypospadias salvage," International Brazilian Journal of Urology, vol.
Bethu et al., "Dorsal buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty for anterior urethral stricture by Asopa technique," European Urology, vol.
reviewed the patterns of failure following bulbar substitution urethroplasty and investigated the prevalence and location of anastomotic fibrous ring strictures occurring at the apical anastomosis between the graft and urethral plate and were uniformly distributed among the different surgical techniques, using either skin or buccal mucosal grafts [23].
Tandon: Dorsal buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty by a ventral sagittal urethrotomy and minimal-access perineal approach for anterior urethral stricture.
Over the past 10-15 years buccal mucosal grafts have been increasingly used in urethral reconstruction because of its advantages in harvesting, graft characteristics and minimal morbidity of donor site.
In this case use of modified type I collagen membrane along with the osseoinductive bone graft material having type-I collagen with calcium sulphate hemihydrate to cover the bone graft and membrane we taken free mucosal graft from the palate.
Interdisciplinary approach for treatment of a complicated case particularly when collagen membrane and bone graft use for guided tissue regeneration base therapy with free mucosal graft use, they help not only new attachment formation but also causes root coverage.
Reported complications of oral mucosal grafts include intra-operative haemorrhage, post-operative infection, pain, swelling, and damage to salivary ducts (9, 10).
Urethral substitution using autologous lingual mucosal grafts: an experimental study.