an infinite numher of

multiplicands to multiply out to any number that

Depending on the value of multiplier LSB bit, a value of the

multiplicand is added and accumulated.

Hence, the effect of optimizations like replacing multiplication by a multiplier which is a power of two (an example of integer multiplication) by left shifting the

multiplicand variable has already been considered.

The multiplier remains in the calculator as a new

multiplicand is entered.

Study 1 employed

multiplicands as test stimuli, and thus Study 2 was undertaken to examine how the two types of immediate feedback promote the learning of simple fact series for the mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, and division.

since the first two

multiplicands on the left-hand side are the probability that a request is significant and the probability that a request is a read with tolerance at most l given that it is significant.

7 The

multiplicands all involve only a few bits, allowing the compiler to use shifts and adds rather than a full multiply operation.

If necessary, the

multiplicands are separated by (), |~, or {}, in ascending order of inclusion.

Larger representations, up to 18 bits wide for cache stored

multiplicands and 25 bits for streamed

multiplicands and partial products, with appropriate lossless accumulators, are feasible with a negligible increase in resource consumption on the same FPGA.