Municipal

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Municipal

In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

municipal

adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

References in periodicals archive ?
The map of Slovenian municipalities that provide municipally funded HPV vaccination for boys is presented in Figure 1.
It is far from clear to us that such a large sum would be better spent on a permanent, municipally operated facility than it would be on fostering the growth and ongoing sustainability of farmers markets themselves.
The two secured an agreement with Ontario to stop disposing municipally managed trash in Michigan by the end of 2010.
The EBRD is boosting support for public transport in the Kyrgyz Republic with a US$ 10.1 million sovereign loan, accompanied by a US$ 5.5 million grant from the EBRD's Shareholder Special Fund, for the benefit of the municipally owned Bishkek Trolleybus Company, EBRD said in the press release.
Municipally workers, using bulldozers and cranes, demolished on Monday dozens of shops that had been illegally built on state land in the neighbourhood.
System Innovators (http://www.systeminnovators.com) is the leading global cashiering solutions provider for city, county, state and federal organizations as well as municipally owned utilities.
During the drive the municipality will clean open spaces throughout the city, whetherthey are municipally or privately owned, and also all drains and ditches in the city.
The Israeli municipally of Jerusalem planning and building committee approved construction of four new residential buildings in the eastern part of the city, despite international calls for a cessation of activity in the heavily Palestinian area.
New York City-based film and television production groups are unhappy with a new, $3,200 fee required for filming at some municipally owned buildings, which went into effect shortly before the end of last year.
Municipally owned Bayerngas said in a separate statement that the transaction would significantly strengthen its position on the Norwegian shelf and add about 50 million barrels of oil equivalents in reserves and resources to its portfolio.
E.ON Climate & Renewables (EC&R) North America today announced a 15-year power purchase agreement with CPS Energy, the nation's largest municipally owned energy company providing both electric and natural gas service.
A couple of cities in Arkansas took Internet matters into their own hands several years ago and now have municipally owned broadband systems.