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mute

a person arraigned on indictment who refuses to answer a charge.

MUTE, persons. One who is dumb. Vide Deaf and Dumb.

MUTE, STANDING MUTE, practice, crim. law. When a prisoner upon his arraignment totally refuses to answer, insists upon mere frivolous pretences, or refuses to put himself upon the country, after pleading not guilty, he is said to stand mute.
     2. In the case of the United States v. Hare, et al., Circuit Court, Maryland Dist. May sess. 1818, the prisoner standing mute was considered as if he had pleaded not guilty.
     3. The act of congress of March 3, 1825, 3 Story's L. U. S. 2002, has since provided as follows; Sec. 14, That if any person, upon his or her arraignment upon any indictment before any court of the United States for any offence, not capital, shall stand mute, or will not answer or plead to such indictment, the court shall, notwithstanding, proceed to the trial of the person, so standing mute, or refusing to answer or pleas, as if he or she had pleaded not guilty; and upon a verdict being returned by the jury, may proceed to render judgment accordingly. A similar provision is to be found in the laws of Pennsylvania.
     4. The barbarous punishment of peine forte et dure which till lately disgraced the criminal code of England, was never known in the United States. Vide Dumb; 15 Vin. Ab. 527.
     5. When a prisoner stands mute, the laws of England arrive at the forced conclusion that he is guilty, and punish him accordingly. 1 Chit. Cr. Law, 428.
     6. By the old French law, when a person accused was mute, or stood mute, it was the duty of the judge to appoint him a curator, whose duty it was to defend him, in the best manner he could; and for this purpose, he was allowed to communicate with him privately. Poth. Proced. Crim. s. 4, art. 2, Sec. 1.

References in periodicals archive ?
The predominant band patterns in RIF-resistant strains in our study were absence of WT3 and WT4 accompanied by the presence of MUT 1 probe; deletion of WT 7 band accompanied by the presence of MUT2A or MUT2B band and presence of MUT 3 band with absence of WT 8 band.
The free-space implementation of the two-thickness method is utilized by measuring the reflection coefficient for the MUT at two distinct MUT thicknesses [4].
[MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] are the complex relative permittivity of the MUT determined from calibrated and uncalibrated S-parameter measurements respectively.
In (6), [alpha] = x, y, [k.sub.n] = 2[pi]f [([[epsilon].sub.n][[mu].sub.n]).sup.1/2], and [p.sub.n] = [([[xi].sup.2] + [[eta].sup.2] - [k.sup.2.sub.n]).sup.1/2] where n = 1 (MUT region) or n = 2 (known backing region), respectively.
The MUT has an array of tools, several geared specifically for the M16/AR-15 family of rifles.
Formed as the Merseyside Left Theatre in spring 1937, becoming MUT in 1944, it aimed to contribute to the struggle against fascism while supporting Spanish democracy and socialism.
135rb] 80 Mustre l'ad en meinte manere; Par miracles e par vertu Ke en plusurs lius sunt avenu, Et bien veu par Engletere, 84 Et en la peis e en la guerre; Ke Deus i ad fet aparer Et nuit e jur e matin e seir; Entendez i communaument, 88 Kar ge le vus di seurement, Meuz vaut oir ci entur Ke de la geste paenur, De Gurcedin e de Saisons, 92 Deu enemis e felons, Et d'autre teus pur verite, U l'em vus ment a grant plente; Ky aime e ot la vanite, 96 Deu li en set mut malgre.
During a calibration process, a meter under test (MUT) is calibrated using a parallel array of up to nine turbine meter standards (TMS).
John McManus traveled to Zurich, Switzerland, in November 2001 to speak at a conference arranged by the group Mut zur Ethik ("Courage to Take a Moral Stand"), His speech, "The Plan to Have the UN Rule," has been published in the February is, 2002 issue of Vital Speeches, available in many of the nation's libraries.
The implementation of the mock-up trainer (MUT) that simulates the functions of the BIDS increased training capabilities.
MUT and Ucrete's comprehensive range includes: High-performance polyurethane flooring, dry-shake flooring, low temperature polymer resin, antistatic and 'comfort' feel flooring.
They were plucked from a steep plateau by a military helicopter and taken to the oasis town of Mut, 300 miles south-west of Cairo.