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Defended by scholars such as John McDowell and Julia Annas, the naturalism of second nature (NSN) claims that the virtues are part of a rational second nature instilled through moral education.
Campbell's new study challenges the traditional, male-conceived boundaries of American literary naturalism as it catalogues an immense range of late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century women writers and examines their connections to early film.
The answer seems to be that religious naturalism is a thing of the future, at this stage no more than a cultural undercurrent, albeit one that is gaining momentum in response to a number of clearly perceptible trends: disappointment that the great religious traditions have not delivered on their promises; dissatisfaction with the prevailing neo-liberal market economics of growth and consumption; and a growing understanding of humankind's critical dependence on the natural world.
Stanley is interested in showing that the rise of naturalism and the displacement of theistic science has a history; naturalism did not arrive surreptitiously, nor was its rise inevitable, but scientists were passionately involved in arguing for the benefits of naturalism, as well as raising potential objections to its ultimate success.
Chapters are grouped in sections on Hegelian social ontology, social action and the critique of constructivism, naturalism and work and power, and the final section on the logic subjectivity and intersubjectivity.
In the second chapter of the book (the first being the introduction), Emden argues that the historical key to understanding Nietzsche's naturalism lies with what he calls the "first generation" neo-Kantians (20), who include Friedrich Albert Lange, Afrikan Spir, and Otto Liebmann.
Keywords: Naturalism, Generation X, Kronen Generation, Jose Angel Manas, determinism
The volume opens with two articles offering opposing perspectives on the how to conceptualize philosophical naturalism, establishing the continuum along which the rest of the contributors fit with their approaches.
In Schacht's view, the 'guiding idea' of Nietzsche's naturalism is this: 'that everything that goes on and comes to be in this world is the outcome of developments occurring within it that are owing entirely to its internal dynamics and the contingencies to which they give rise, and come about (as it were) from the bottom up, through the elaboration or relationally-precipitated transformation of what was already going on and had already come to be' (239).
But Dworkin's supernaturalism on the question of value ultimately puts him outside naturalism.
Cottingham; Holland; bleakness; contingency; existential response; meaning; naturalism.
Thomas Nagel, atheist Professor of Law and Philosophy at New York University, has delivered a thoroughgoing critique of the philosophical foundations and implications of evolutionary naturalism in his book Mind and Cosmos.