The point may be formulated another way: complete negation
cannot be distinguished from complete negation
The first precise semantics for negation
as failure was proposed by Clark (1978), who defined the process of program completion--a syntactic transformation that turns Prolog programs into first-order theories.
As a result, minimizers are confined to negative contexts, and even when they do appear in affirmative form, it is obvious that negation
was expected, as in (13).
That is to say, while Zionism's own rhetoric presented a sharp contrast between a Jewish nationalized identity in a "Jewish homeland" or "national center," on the one hand, and a "diasporic" form of identification with and integration into the various Western "non-Jewish" nation-states, we can assert that, from another perspective, the supposedly "diasporic" form of modern Jewish identity in fact also constitutes a profound "negation
of galut" and indeed a negation
that is structurally similar to that put forth in the "centralizing" ideologies of Zionism.
in the testimonial past 1Sg sea-m tol 'I did not come [I swear]' 2Sg se-c tol 'you did not come' 3Sg e-s tol '(s)he did not come' 1Pl e-s-na tol 'we did not come' 2Pl e-s-ta tol 'you did not come' 3Pl e-s-t tol 'they did not come' 1Sg se-m ile 'I did not live [I swear]' 2Sg se-c ile 'you did not live' 3Sg e-s ile '(s)he did not live' 1Pl e-s-na ile 'we did not live' 2Pl e-s-ta ile 'you did not live' 3Pl e-s-t ile 'they did not live'
As the licensing requirements of ppis and NPis involve a very particular (anti-)licensing relationship with negation
, testing which reading of (17) is associated with too and which with either can be taken as a diagnostic for the position of negation
in the clause.
Since Historical Negation
and Symbolic Exclusion are ideologies that help maintain the status quo in post-colonial nations (namely, in New Zealand; Sibley, 2010), endorsement of these belief systems should be associated with support for conservative political parties (cf.
Music and the Politics of Negation
is an important spur for post-new-musicological discussion of the political in/as music.
Why does he feel we need to hear these negations
before we can affirm what we indeed believe?
is an important cognitive phenomenon of human language.
Without forgetting that the negation
system proposed by Klima and Bellugi (1966) dealt with children acquiring their native English language, the question was whether adult learners of English exhibited a similar developmental sequence.
In "The Wall" nothing (death) represents a Sartrean existential negation