The findings in this report indicate that although the overall neonatal mortality rate
from congenital heart defects does not differ significantly between infants born to white and black mothers, differences can be observed by gestational age group.
Neonatal survival of preterm infants has become a national priority, as the neonatal mortality rate
(NMR) has been 30% slower in improving than maternal and child mortality, with the slowest NMR reduction in the countries with the highest burden, such as those in Africa.
Our independent variable was residence of the women of reproductive age at the time of the interview (urban-rural) and neonatal mortality rate
(NMR) defined as the probability of dying within the first month of life, and expressed per 1,000 live births.
The neonatal mortality rate
has actually increased, from 49 per thousand live births in 2000-01 to 53 per thousand in 2007-08."
According to handout issued here on Friday, to achieve the targets the community midwifery homes will be established at the far-flung areas of the province to provide basic health facilities to child & mother and to look after their health as well as to minimize the maternal & neonatal mortality rate
during the childbirth.
SIMPLE, cheap measures like providing basic transport facility or on- call ambulance services in rural areas and promoting breastfeeding in the first hour after a child's birth hold the key for India getting rid of its most shameful health indicator -- very high and stagnating neonatal mortality rate
. While the economic growth rate has been rising steadily in the past few years, the number of infants dying within the first four weeks of birth has remained static at 36 per 1000 live births since 2000.
The other parameters (5-minute Apgar score, fresh stillbirth rate, early neonatal mortality rate
, and PNMR) were similar.
The perinatal mortality rate (stillbirths and deaths in the first seven days) was 69 per 1000 births, and the early neonatal mortality rate
(death in the first seven days after birth) was 46 per 1000 live births.
In 2015, the neonatal mortality rate
in South Africa was 15 per 1 000 live births.
Statistics peg the neonatal mortality rate
in the country at 0.75 million per year.
For example, neonatal mortality rate
averaged 43 deaths per 1000 live births in 2003 which is an increase from 38/1000 in 1988 and 39/1000 in 1998 (12).