Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Midha, "Supplementation of acellular nerve grafts with skin derived precursor cells promotes peripheral nerve regeneration," Neuroscience, vol.
The treatment of choice in the case of nerve loss exceeding 2-3 cm involves the use of free autogenic nerve grafts [15, 17, 26, 27, 29, 30].
In this series, we have used the similar technique of combined use of cable nerve graft and vein conduit to reconstruct the defects of more than 3 cm in size and compared the results with the use of isolated cable nerve graft technique.
Effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment on axonal outgrowth in sciatic nerve grafts in rats.
Comparable to the original study they observed an increase in the BBB score from one to seven comparing the transected, grafted, and FGF1 treated experimental group to four control groups (laminectomy only, transection only, FGF1 releasing matrix only, and transection plus nerve graft and fibrin matrix without FGF1) [68].
Avance Nerve Graft is an off-the-shelf commercially available processed nerve allograft for bridging severed nerves without the comorbidities associated with a second surgical site.
This slows the process of regeneration and raises concerns about the capability of donor SCs to fully populate the nerve graft. Host SCs eventually switch from their post-injury proliferative state to their resting myelinating state or may even die, thereby hindering the regeneration process.
The autologous nerve graft is the gold standard for nerve injuries that cannot be repaired by direct tension-free coaptation [12, 13].
17 January 2012 - AxoGen Inc (OTCBB:AXGN), a US-based regenerative medicine company, said on Monday that the results of a clinical trial showed that its Avance Nerve Graft achieved meaningful recovery in 87% of patients with peripheral nerve injuries.
He needed another operation to re-construct an artery and to have a nerve graft from his leg.