Labor

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LABOR. Continued operation; work.
     2. The labor and skill of one man is frequently used in a partnership, and valued as equal to the capital of another.
     3. When business has been done for another, and suit is brought to recover a just reward, there is generally contained in the declaration, a count for work and labor.
     4. Where penitentiaries exist, persons who have committed crimes are condemned to be imprisoned therein at labor.

References in periodicals archive ?
[22] The difference in the findings may be that, only primigravid women who progressed with normal labor was the study samples in the present study.
We selected the two genes (UCN and OXTR), given their crucial role in normal labor and parturition, which makes them potential candidate genes for PTB.
According to the previous obstetric history, 80% of the women were primigravidae or secundigravidae, with normal labors and living children.
Had this been the private sector, or even those remaining parts of the federal government where normal labor rights still apply, the action would have been illegal.
In addition to normal labor details, the parole services office maintains a group of offenders that, as a part of their community service requirements, speak to various community groups about their crimes and what it has cost them both materially and emotionally.
We focused on the educational preparation of the patient while in hypnosis to create the expectation of a normal labor and delivery, develop a conditioned response of comfort and confidence, and facilitate an increased sense of control in achieving a healthy delivery.
To jump-start her labor, Altomare was given two doses of Cytotec, a drug known to soften the cervix and cause uterine contractions that are more frequent and powerful than normal labor. What Altomare did not know was that Cytotec has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in pregnant women.
Nurse midwives are trained to use drugs, whereas direct entry midwives will not use drugs during a normal labor. Her philosophy is that if a woman truly needs drugs during her labor, she belongs in a hospital.
State program accumulate reserves during periods of normal labor market activity and use those reserves to pay the extra benefits necessary during economic downturns.
Moreover, this low-tech emotional support -- provided by women who have already experienced a normal labor -- reduces maternal and infant hospital stays following delivery, according to a report in the May 1 JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.
It's estimated that one out of three C-sections is a repeat performance, dictated by the belief--which has recently been widely challenged--that once a woman has had a Caesarean, there's a significant risk that the uterus could rupture during normal labor. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that 60% (rather than the current 7%) of women who've delivered once by C-section can subsequently undergo vaginal delivery without risk, unless there are specific medical reasons for the C-section.
They suggested that although the circadian rhythms of maternal and fetal hormones may trigger normal labor, inflammatory activity may follow a different circadian rhythm.