nulla poena sine lege


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nulla poena sine lege

‘no penalty without law’. This principle opposes, among other things, arbitrary punishment and retrospective legislation.
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Serao desenvolvidos, assim, os seus fundamentos nao apenas positivos, mas tambem juridico-politicos, os classicos postulados dele decorrentes, consubstanciados no aforismo nullum crimen, nulla poena sine lege stricta, scripta, praevia, certa, bem como a necessidade de uma referibilidade axiologica surgida a partir da superacao do formalismo juridico.
This is a clear breach of the principle of "nulla poena sine lege," which means "no penalty without a law."
En la causa "Arancibia Clavel" la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nacion, tras senalar que la conducta incriminada, que tuvo lugar en 1974, constituye un crimen de lesa humanidad y, en consecuencia, resulta imprescriptible, se planteo--atento que la aprobacion por parte de la Argentina de la "Convencion sobre la Imprescriptibilidad de los Crimenes de Guerra y de los Crimenes de lesa humanidad" ocurrio en 1995 (siendo elevado el documento a jerarquia constitucional en 2003)--, si la cuestion relativa a la aplicacion de dicha regla "se aplicaria al sub lite retroactivamente o si ello lesiona el principio nulla poena sine lege" (55).
Nulla poena sine lege and nullum crimen sine lege protect the right to liberty.
(1) For example, there is the tenet that there can be no crime or criminal punishment without a positive law, known in Latin as "Nullum crimen sine lege" and "Nulla poena sine lege." (2) Another such proposition is that a crime consists of "a vicious will" and "an unlawful act consequent upon such vicious will." (3) Also widely known are the principles that every person is entitled to a presumption of innocence (4) and that it is the government's burden to rebut that presumption beyond a reasonable doubt.
So que essa tradicao penal democratica tem em seu nucleo o mandamento nullum crimen nulla poena sine lege. Para processar e julgar os "criminosos de guerra" era necessario enfrentar e ultrapassar o principio da legalidade, justificando ainda assim o direito.
(11) The defendants at the IMT trials put forth an unsuccessful argument regarding protection from retroactivity under the principle of nullum crimen sine lege nulla poena sine lege. (12) The tribunal found that the crimes covered were part of customary international law even prior to 1939, thus defeating the nullum crimen sine lege argument.
Freshly invented war crimes like "material support for terrorism," retroactively applied, violate the fundamental juridical principle of nulla poena sine lege, no crime without a prospective law.
Nulla poena sine lege is a fundamental principle of criminal law.