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n. something which may be treated as nothing, as if it did not exist or never happened. This can occur by court ruling or enactment of a statute. The most common example is a nullity of a marriage by a court judgment.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

NULLITY. Properly, that which does not exist; that which is not properly in the nature of things. In a figurative sense, and in law, it means that which has no more effect than if it did not exist, and also the defect which prevents it from having such effect. That which is absolutely void.
     2. It is a yule of law that what is absolutely null produces no effects whatever; as, if a man bad a wife in full life, and both aware of the fact, he married another woman, such second marriage would be nun and without any legal effect. Vide Chit, Contr. 228; 3 Chit. Pr. 522; 2 Archb. Pr. K. B. 4th edit. 888; Bayl. Ch. Pr. 97.
     3. Nullities have been divided into absolute and relative. Absolute nullities are those which may be insisted upon by any one having an interest in rendering the act, deed or writing null, even by the public authorities, as a second marriage while the former was in full force. Everything fraudulent is null and void. Relative nullities can be invoked only by those in whose favor the law has been established, land, in fact, such power is less a nullity of the act than a faculty which one or more persons have to oppose the validity of the act.
     4. The principal causes of nullities are,
     1. Defect of form; as, for example, when the law requires that a will of land shall be attested by three witnesses, and it is on] attested by two. Vide Will.
     5.-2. Want of will; as, if a man be compelled to execute a bond by duress, it is null and void. Vide Duress.
     6.-3. The incapacities of the parties; as in the cases of persons non compos mentis, of married women's contracts, and the like.
     7.-4. The want of consideration in simple contracts; as a verbal promise with out consideration.
     8.-5. The want of recording, when the law requires that the matter should be recorded; as, in the case of judgments.
     9.-6. Defect of power in the party who entered into a contract in behalf of another; as, when an attorney for a special purpose makes an agreement for his principal in relation to another thing. Vide Attorney; Authority. 10.-7. The loss of a thing which is the subject of a contract; as, when A sells B horse, both supposing him to be alive, when in fact he was dead. Vide Contract; Sale.
     Vide Perrin, Traite des Nullites; Henrion, Pouvoir Municipal, liv. 2, c. 18; Merl. Rep. h.t.; Dall. Diet. h.t. See art. Void.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Liu, On almost Kenmotsu manifolds satisfying some nullity distributions, submitted.
In this paper, we obtain the coefficients theorem of the characteristic polynomial of a signed graph and give two formulae on the nullity of signed graphs with cut-points.
Whether a plaintiffs failure to submit sufficient proof of its claim on its application for a default judgment renders the judgment a nullity has important consequences in practice, yet this issue is unsettled: A split exists among the departments of the appellate division as to whether a default judgment entered in the absence of proof of the claim is a nullity, and the Court of Appeals has yet squarely to resolve the point.
The overall point being, that in whichever way we might interpret and experience conscience the 'guilty' is agreed upon (the 'guilty' being the awareness of our thrown projection, the ground of a nullity).
saddle point linear systems, high nullity, augmentation, block diagonal preconditioners, Krylov subspace iterative solvers
But this view fades into nullity when one examines the numerous facts that expose its lack of substance.
A rentier nullity, a socialite painter of dismal attainments.
Hopkins seems to know the poem only as quoted by others; reading the original would reveal a male narrator ecstatic to discover his own nullity and God's mercy.
California Education for the Bar (CEB; Oakland, CA) has released an updated edition of Practice Under the California Family Code, a reference for handling dissolution, legal separation, and nullity actions.
New divorce and nullity of marriage registers are also being developed and the recording of adoptions is being streamlined.
100 Years Ago In the Divorce Court yesterday, Mr Justice Buckhill had before him the case of Mann v Weary, which was the petition of Louisa Alice Weary for a decree of nullity against her husband, William.
It is evident that there is a deliberate, calculated program being carried out not only to protect Communist personnel in high places but to reduce security and intelligence protection to a nullity. On file in the department is a copy of a preliminary report of the FBI on Soviet espionage activities in the United States which involves a large number of State Department employ ees, some in high official positions."