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While natural law theories may hold that the obligatoriness of morality comes with the territory--that moral rightness implies obligation--divine command theories conceive obligation as requiring a lawgiver, whose authority is attested in the possibility of sanctions.
Al-Khayr al-Ramli [73] quoted from al-Musannif [74] regarding a difference of opinion regarding the obligatoriness of [the housing costs on the father]: the most manifest [opinion, namely, the Hanafi school doctrine] (al-azhar) is the obligation [of the father to pay the housing costs], as it appears in some of the authoritative texts [of the school].
the appropriate method of constitutional interpretation] without having some theory of what the Constitution is, what its point is, what its source of obligatoriness is, and so on.
6968) higher than the unbalanced model using the total sample (and the SPED variable estimator indicated that the average revenue (gross revenue logarithm) after the obligatoriness was higher than in the period before the deployment of the SPED.
In the sense of being all-but-literally pulled up short by the text, Hawthorne is suspending the obligatoriness of the so-called obligatory scene here.
In Chapter 5 Higginbotham investigates the obligatoriness of sequence of tense.
An analysis is made more difficult by a certain gradability of obligatoriness (see the detailed discussion in Maienbom 1990, 1991).
Accurate labeling can be very effective in addressing socially harmful attitudes because, as Cheshire Calhoun has pointed out, it "can draw attention both to self-legislative capacities and to the moral obligatoriness of not participating in oppressive social practices.
Weinrib recognizes the external need for state coercion, but he also recognizes the internal obligatoriness of legal norms.
In affirmative declarative sentences, however, an incipient grammaticalization--encoding various functions is obvious, but in neither of these functions could the use of do develop any degree of obligatoriness, which would have been an indicator of the accomplishment of this syntactic change.
Obligatoriness must also be combined with other language-particular tests, such as restrictions that the predicate places on argument expression.
This may be done either in terms of tense, which locates the utterance relative to the time of speaking, or in terms of modality, which construes the speaker's or the hearer's attitude with regard to such notions as obligatoriness or likelihood of the proposition.