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He continued to say that "many Arab and foreign investment companies pointed out their desire to invest in power generation stations, but the ministry of electricity obstructed these ideas, including the Ministry of Finance," he noted.
* A fine and/or imprisonment for not more than 20 years for anyone who "corruptly alters, destroys, mutilates, or conceals a record, document, or other object, or attempts to do so, with the intent to impair the object's integrity or availability for use in an official proceeding" or "otherwise obstructs, influences, or impedes any official proceeding, or attempts to do so."
* A fine and/or imprisonment of not more than 20 years for "whoever knowingly alters, destroys, mutilates, conceals, covers up, falsifies, or makes a false entry in any record, document, or tangible object with the intent to impede, obstruct, or influence" an investigation or proceeding by a federal department or agency or any case filed in bankruptcy court.
[sections] 1503,(2) which prohibits a person from endeavoring to obstruct or impede the due administration of justice, and the limits of 18 U.S.C.
United States(30) placed two important limitations on the interpretation of the phrase "corruptly endeavors to obstruct the due administration of justice."(31) First, the Pettibone Court ruled that such obstruction can arise only when justice is being administered in a court of the United States.(32) Second, to convict a person of obstructing justice, that person must have knowledge that justice is being administered and intend to obstruct the justice being administered.(33)
A more difficult question regarding the Omnibus Clause of [sections] 1503 for lower courts has been the question of what acts constitute "corrupt endeavors to obstruct the due administration of justice."(36) The Supreme Court attempted to answer this question in Osbam v.
Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Osborn, lower courts continued to struggle with the question of which acts are "corrupt endeavors to obstruct justice,"--especially regarding acts of perjury.(42) Subsequently, a split among the circuit courts developed regarding the correct approach to this question.
The Fifth and the Ninth Circuits have used a broader interpretation to determine which acts are "corrupt endeavors to obstruct the due administration of justice" under the Omnibus Clause.(49) In United States v.
In the Senate Report concerning [sections] 2232(c), Senator Thurmond defined the elements necessary for a person to violate [sections] 2232(c).(66) First, the defendant must have knowledge that the Federal law enforcement officer has been authorized or has applied for an interception order.(67) Second, the person must "engage in conduct of giving notice of the possible interception to any person who was or is the target of the interception."(68) Finally, the defendant must have the intent to obstruct, impede or prevent the interception.(69)
A grand jury returned an indictment against Judge Aguilar.(100) Judge Aguilar was then convicted by a jury of one count of endeavoring to obstruct justice in violation of 18 U.S.C.
Obesity is a risk factor for sleep apnea, probably because fat in the neck obstructs the throat's air passage, Sotos says.
Laryngoceles occur when the laryngeal ventricle or its more distal saccule (appendix) becomes functionally obstructed as a result of an increase in intraglottic pressure, such as that caused by excessive coughing, playing a wind instrument, glass blowing, etc.