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33) s-initial lenition forms selected after coronal obstruents, from ardsagart 'high priest'
The initial can be reconstructed as a back obstruent * k or * h, and its nucleus MK ye as either * e or * je in Korean (Frellesvig and Whitman 2008: 36-37, Whitman 2012).
The same ranking that establishes voicing agreement between obstruents in (14) ensures its non-application in (15).
By adopting this approach, we can unify the properties of single final obstruents (15c-e).
The supposedly too strong contrast between the obstruent and the following vowel does not explain the different development of open and closed syllables.
According to tradition, the voiced single obstruents (stops and sibilants) appeared into different Finnic languages under the late influence of Russian or Latvian languages.
The Mimetic stratum of roots allows/p/but bans voiceless postnasal obstruents; this puts it directly at odds with the Sino-Japanese stratum, which bans/p/but allows voiceless postnasal obstruents.
The set of all consonants C includes the following subsets: the subset of fortis obstruents [C.
Shaw in which syllabic obstruents have been challenged.
The apparently redundant attachment of the plural morpheme results from general restrictions on coda obstruents in combination with the need for overt realization of morphemes in prominent positions.
1 Proto-Kurux-Malto (PKxMt), like Proto-Dravidian, had a strong and very restricted pattern of consonantal distribution, with single obstruents occurring initially and both single/lax and geminate/tense obstruents occurring intervocalically.
This tendency results in an asymmetrical distribution of phonemes, such that word-initial consonants are more likely to be obstruents, whereas consonants in weaker positions tend to be sonorants (Hock 1991; Vennemann 1993).