adjustment

(redirected from occlusal adjustment)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to occlusal adjustment: occlusal guard

adjustment

1 the computation of the amount due to an insured and the fixing of the proportion to be borne by the underwriters.
2 in Scottish civil procedure, the changing of the writ or defences before the record is closed.

See also ADJUSTMENT OF PRIOR TRANSACTIONS.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

ADJUSTMENT, maritime law. The adjustment of a loss is the settling and ascertaining the amount of the indemnity which the insured after all proper allowances and deductions have been made, is entitled to receive, and the proportion of this, which each underwriter is liable to pay, under the policy Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, p. 617 or it is a written admission of the amounts of the loss as settled between the parties to a policy of insurance. 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8.
     2. In adjusting a loss, the first thing to be considered is, how the quantity of damages for which the underwriters are liable, shall be ascertained. When a loss is a total loss, and the insured decides to abandon, he must give notice of this to the underwriters iii a reasonable time, otherwise he will waive his right to abandon, and must be content to claim only for a partial loss. Marsh. Ins. B.1, c.3, s.2; 15 East, 559; 1 T. R. 608; 9 East, 283; 13 East 304; 6 Taunt. 383. When the loss is admitted to be total, and the policy is a valued one, the insured is entitled to receive the whole sum insured, subject to such deductions as may have been agreed by the policy to be made in case of loss.
     3. The quantity of damages being known, the next point to be settled, is, by what rule this shall be estimated. The price of a thing does not afford a just criterion to ascertain its true value. It may have been bought very dear or very cheap. The circumstances of time and place cause a continual variation in the price of things. For this reason, in cases of general average, the things saved contribute not according to prune cost, but according to the price for which they may be sold at the time of settling the average. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 2, p. 621; Laws of Wisbury, art. 20 Laws of Oleron, art. 8 this Dict. tit. Price. And see 4 Dall. 430; 1 Caines' R. 80; 2 S. & R. 229 2 S.& R. 257, 258.
     4. An adjustment being endorsed on the policy, and signed by the underwriters, with the promise to pay in a given time, is prima facie evidence against them, and amounts to an admission of all the facts necessary to be proved by the insured to entitle him to recover in an action on the policy. It is like a note of hand, and being proved, the insured has no occasion to go into proof of any other circumstances. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 14, s. 3, p. 632; 3 Stark. Ev. 1167, 8 Park. ch. 4; Wesk. Ins, 8; Beaw. Lex. Mer. 310; Com. Dig. Merchant, E 9; Abbott on Shipp. 346 to 348. See Damages.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Conclusion: Face-bow transfer record in the fabrication of removable complete denture reduces the number of post insertion visits for occlusal adjustments and hence saves valuable time of the dentist and the patient.
The fact that another 14 (18.6%) horses had EMC distances exceeding 15mm following floating and cheek teeth wear abnormalities corrected indicates that the amount of occlusal adjustment and odontoplasty can affect the excursion to molar contact.
According to this view, extensive prosthetic restorations, occlusal adjustments, parafunction management, rehabilitation after orthognathic surgery, unsatisfactory MI, TMD management, and orthodontic therapy of greater complexity would be indications for using CR.
A 2004 Cochrane review concluded that there is no evidence supporting either of the two most popular treatments: hyaline injections into the joint or occlusal adjustments.
Occlusal adjustments were performed to establish simultaneous contacts in all teeth and to guide the teeth along lateral-protrusion jaw movements.
If an unfilled sealant is used, occlusal adjustments are not required due to the "self-occluding" nature of the material.
After insertion, in both groups, necessary occlusal adjustments were done.
Final occlusal adjustments to the modified incisal guidance during protrusion were made and Unilateral group function on the working sides was adjusted and confirmed.
The ideal combination of material and technique for making interocclusal records allow the placement of indirectly made restorations in the patient's mouth without additional occlusal adjustments. In situation were the terminal tooth in the dental arch is used as distal abutment, an interocclusal record is of im- mense importance.