Force

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Force

Power, violence, compulsion, or constraint exerted upon or against a person or thing. Power dynamically considered, that is, in motion or in action; constraining power, compulsion; strength directed to an end. Commonly the word occurs in such connections as to show that unlawful or wrongful action is meant, e.g., forcible entry.

Power statically considered, that is, at rest, or latent, but capable of being called into activity upon occasion for its exercise. Efficacy; legal validity. This is the meaning when we say that a statute or a contract is in force.

Reasonable force is that degree of force that is appropriate and not inordinate in defending one's person or property. A person who employs such force is justified in doing so and is neither criminally liable nor civilly liable in tort for the conduct.

Deadly Force is utilized when a person intends to cause death or serious bodily harm or when he or she recognizes personal involvement in the creation of a substantial risk that death or bodily harm will occur.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The experimental results also suggest that the earphone-type sensor can be used to measure swallowing, occlusal force, and tongue movement in addition to chewing.
Comparison of fracture strength of teeth in the present study with maximum bite force in primary teeth: There is great variability in studies regarding occlusal forces. Facial structure, general muscular force and gender differences, location of the recorded bite force within a dental arch, mental state during experiment, state of dentition, malocclusions, temporomandibular dysfunction, and the extent of the vertical separation of the teeth and the jaws due to the bite, may influence the values found for bite force [Fields et al., 1986; Bakke et al., 1990; Kiliaridis et al., 1995].
In other words, at the completion of active treatment, the lateral occlusal force of the lateral dentition due to nighttime parafunction and excess occlusive force from the front teeth had lessened.
* occlusal morphology guiding occlusal force to the apical direction with narrow occlusal table with flat area at the centre, decreased cuspal inclination and wider grooves and fossae,
Also, the knowledge of stress distribution in mandible contributes to understand the effect of surgical approaches (e.g., orthognatic surgery) and action of occlusal forces on implant-supported prostheses and, thus, to reach the minimal damage to the bone support structures.
In simple terms, if the occlusal forces in maximum intercuspation are unevenly distributed around the arch, tooth movement will most likely occur.
The morphological arrangement of the teeth in the sagittal plain has been related to the slope of the articular eminence, craniofacial morphology,3 lower incisor proclination, the incisor overbite,4 the molar cusp height and lower arch circumference.5,6 However it is suggested that the curve of Spee has a biomechanical function during food processing by increasing the crush-shear ratio between the posterior teeth and the efficiency of Occlusal forces during mastication.7
They address neurobiological considerations for occlusal parafunction and temporomandibular disorders, orthopedic considerations in the masticatory system, the anatomical basis of occlusion, the role and evaluation of the muscles of the stomatognathic system, the effect of occlusal forces on periodontal disease, bite splint therapy, and dentist-ceramist communication.
A possible reason for the most favorable stress distribution associated with chamfer margin preparations this could be that the occlusal forces were also borne by the circumferential preparation, and there was less stress concentration on the axial walls compared to other preparation designs.