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A legal obligation that entails mandatory conduct or performance. With respect to the laws relating to Customs Duties, a tax owed to the government for the import or export of goods.

A fiduciary, such as an executor or trustee, who occupies a position of confidence in relation to a third person, owes such person a duty to render services, provide care, or perform certain acts on his or her behalf.

In the context of Negligence cases, a person has a duty to comport himself or herself in a particular manner with respect to another person.


n. 1) a legal obligation, the breach of which can result in liability. In a lawsuit a plaintiff must claim and prove that there was a duty by defendant to plaintiff. This can be a duty of care in a negligence case or a duty to perform in a contract case. 2) a tax on imports. (See: duty of care)


(Obligation), noun accountability, allegiance, assignment, burden, charge, chore, commission, commitment, debt, dictate of conscience, fides, function, indebtedness, liability, moral necessity, moral obligation, munus, obedience, office, pledge, promise, responsibility, role, task, work
Associated concepts: absolute duty, breach of duty, condiiional duty, continuing duty, delegation of duty, duty ennoined by law, duty of support, equitable duty, imperaaive duty, in performance of duty, in the line of duty, lawful duty, legal duty, ministerial duty, moral duty, neglect of duty, nondelegatable duty, nondiscretionary duty, official duty, on duty, private duty, public duty, relief from duty, scope of servant's duties, statutory duty, unfit for duty, violation of duty
Foreign phrases: Qui jussu judicis aliquod fecerit non videtur dolo malo fecisse, quia parere necesse est.He who does anything by command of a judge will not be deemed to have acted from an improper motive, because it was necessary to obey. Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day. Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.


(Tax), noun assessment, burden, capitation, charge, exaction, exactment, excise, imposition, impost, levy, onus, rate, revenue, tallage, tariff, task, tax on deeand, taxation, toll, tribute, vectigal
Associated concepts: duty on exports, duty on imports
See also: accountability, ad valorem, affair, agency, assignment, burden, business, charge, coercion, commitment, compulsion, custody, employment, excise, fealty, function, imposition, job, labor, levy, liability, lien, loyalty, mission, occupation, office, position, province, responsibility, right, tariff, task, tax, trade, trust, weight, work

DUTY, natural law. A human action which is, exactly conformable to the laws which require us to obey them.
     2. It differs from a legal obligation, because a duty cannot always be enforced by the law; it is our duty, for example, to be temperate in eating, but we are under no legal obligation to be so; we ought to love our neighbors, but no law obliges us to love them.
     3. Duties may be considered in the relation of man towards God, towards himself, and towards mankind. 1. We are bound to obey the will of God as far as we are able to discover it, because he is the sovereign Lord of the universe who made and governs all things by his almighty power, and infinite wisdom. The general name of this duty is piety: which consists in entertaining just opinions concerning him, and partly in such affections towards him, and such, worship of him, as is suitable to these opinions.
     4.-2. A man has a duty to perform towards himself; he is bound by the law of nature to protect his life and his limbs; it is his duty, too, to avoid all intemperance in eating and drinking, and in the unlawful gratification of all his other appetites.
     5.-3. He has duties to perform towards others. He is bound to do to others the same justice which he would have a right to expect them to do to him.

References in periodicals archive ?
All five Service branches have unique cultures and identities, and as such, they define, understand, and implement never off duty in different ways that ensure members achieve and maintain standards.
It was also revealed that in the same period nine officers from South Wales Police paid fines for breaching the speed limit, but details of whether the officers were on or off duty at the time were once again not disclosed.
I remember a cop a decade or so ago who was off duty when he learned a mass murder was going down at a high school in his community.
Figures released under the Freedom of Information Act show Northumbria Police has 11 officers off duty and Durham three.
Hurley is a convicted murderer and armed robber who was involved in an incident in which an off duty police officer was callously murdered, while bravely trying to intervene in an armed robbery.
Simon Ellershaw, Warwickshire Fire Service area risk manager, said: "As firefighters we are trained to save lives, it's part of what we do whether on or off duty.
The 1993 edition of the FBI's annual publication, Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA),(1) indicated that in 1992, 70 city, county, and state officers were feloniously killed in the line of duty, and 66,975 officers were assaulted while performing law enforcement functions both on and off duty.
This on-duty cycle begins whenever a driver goes off duty for at least 34 consecutive hours.
A MOTORCYCLIST died in a Warwickshire road accident despite attempts by an off duty paramedic to revive him.
In case the spokesman doesn't know, in virtually every jurisdiction in the United States, sworn officers can carry off duty anywhere in their own state, not just their own city and county.
EAST LOS ANGELES - Two Los Angeles County sheriff's sergeants running to unseat Sheriff Lee Baca in the March 5 election agreed on a number of issues Tuesday night, ranging from compressed work schedules to carrying weapons off duty.
Personally, I'm seeing more cops "carrying" off duty who didn't before.