should be done as early as possible in Type-II since the fracture is always large in weight bearing area.
Distal femur fractures require anatomical reduction, at the same time the soft tissue dissection for open reduction
should be limited to retain ROM to the maximum possible extent.
This retrospective study compared clinical and radiological results of S-shaped and Y-shaped incisions in the treatment of osseous mallet finger using open reduction
and hook-plate fixation.
and internal fixation of displaced, comminuted intra-articular fractures of the distal end of the radius.
Patients with obvious bone pathology, comminuted and unfavourable fracture(requiring open reduction
and fixation), children below 10 years of age, maxillary and mandibular edentulism were not included in the study.
Our study found an 18% rate of posterior interosseous nerve palsy after open reduction
and internal fixation of the proximal radius despite identification and protection of the nerve in all cases.
These are closed reduction and above elbow casting, Blount's technique9 (in which reduction is maintained by a flexed position of the elbow in a collar and cuff sling), skeletal traction, closed reduction with percutaneous pinning and lastly open reduction
and internal fixation.
Reports from the United Arab Emirates5 and Nigeria8 confirmed this practice and stated that open reduction
and rigid internal fixation of facial fractures has not become popular in most developing countries mainly because of cost.
The current study was planned to investigate the mid- and long-term results of open reduction
using a limited medial approach and internal fixation in paediatric extension and flexion type III supracondylar humerus fractures.
There are less than a dozen published reports of laterally dislocated irreducible patella requiring open reduction
that can be found.
At 6 days after injury, he underwent open reduction
and internal fixation (ORIF) via a posterior approach  in a left decubitus position.
3,4) In those cases who are refractory to closed reduction, early open reduction
to reorient the acetabulum in order to maintain the physiologic growth of the hip joint must be surgically addressed.