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To make accessible, visible, or available; to submit to review, examination, or inquiry through the elimination of restrictions or impediments.

To open a judgment means to render it capable of reexamination by removing or relaxing the bar of its finality. A judgment is ordinarily opened at the insistence of a party who is able to show good cause as to why the execution of the judgment would be inequitable.

To open a court is to formally announce, ordinarily through the bailiff, that the session has commenced and that the business before the tribunal will proceed.

The term open is also used as an adjective in reference to that which is patent, visible, apparent, or notorious, such as a defect in a product, or conduct such as lewdness.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

TO OPEN, OPENING. To open a case is to make a statement of the pleadings in a case, which is called the opening.
     2. The opening should be concise, very distinct and perspicuous. Its use is to enable the judge and jury to direct their attention to the real merits of the case, and the points in issue. 1 Stark. R. 439;S. C. 2 E. C. L. R. 462; 2 Stark. R. 31; S. C 3 Eng. C. L. R. 230.
     3. The opening address or speech is that made immediately after the evidence has been closed; such address usually states, 1st. The full extent of the plaintiff's claims, and the circumstances under which they are made, to show that they are just and reasonable. 2d. At least an outline of the evidence by which those claims are to be established. 3d. The legal grounds and authorities in favor of the claim or of the proposed evidence. 4th. An anticipation of the expected defence, and statement of the grounds on which it is futile, "either in law or justice, and the reasons why it ought to fail. 3 Chit. Pr. 881; 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3044, et seq. To open a judgment, is to set it aside.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The company's technology allows surgeons to perform a wide range of less invasive open-chest and minimally invasive heart operations, including a full range of stopped- and beating-heart procedures.
"The success of this operation means other babies can now have the same surgery early instead of having to wait until they are big enough to endure open-chest surgery."
The magnitude of clinical benefit obtained with the investigational catheter- based laser revascularization method appears to be the same as that achieved with transmyocardial revascularization (TMR), the open-chest version of the procedure approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Katie, a twin, was too small to have open-chest surgery normally required to fit pacemakers.
Based on reports from 2015 (1,2), the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control issued a Rapid Risk Assessment alert on April 30, 2015, associating invasive cardiovascular infections with Mycobacterium chimaera in water tanks of heater-cooler units (HCUs) used during open-chest heart and vascular surgery (3).
Lisa's blockage was so bad only major open-chest surgery could have saved her if the drill had not worked.
These units are widely used in open-chest heart surgery as an essential part of extracorporeal circulation but have been suggested as being a risk for infection (7).