Open

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Open

To make accessible, visible, or available; to submit to review, examination, or inquiry through the elimination of restrictions or impediments.

To open a judgment means to render it capable of reexamination by removing or relaxing the bar of its finality. A judgment is ordinarily opened at the insistence of a party who is able to show good cause as to why the execution of the judgment would be inequitable.

To open a court is to formally announce, ordinarily through the bailiff, that the session has commenced and that the business before the tribunal will proceed.

The term open is also used as an adjective in reference to that which is patent, visible, apparent, or notorious, such as a defect in a product, or conduct such as lewdness.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

TO OPEN, OPENING. To open a case is to make a statement of the pleadings in a case, which is called the opening.
     2. The opening should be concise, very distinct and perspicuous. Its use is to enable the judge and jury to direct their attention to the real merits of the case, and the points in issue. 1 Stark. R. 439;S. C. 2 E. C. L. R. 462; 2 Stark. R. 31; S. C 3 Eng. C. L. R. 230.
     3. The opening address or speech is that made immediately after the evidence has been closed; such address usually states, 1st. The full extent of the plaintiff's claims, and the circumstances under which they are made, to show that they are just and reasonable. 2d. At least an outline of the evidence by which those claims are to be established. 3d. The legal grounds and authorities in favor of the claim or of the proposed evidence. 4th. An anticipation of the expected defence, and statement of the grounds on which it is futile, "either in law or justice, and the reasons why it ought to fail. 3 Chit. Pr. 881; 3 Bouv. Inst. n. 3044, et seq. To open a judgment, is to set it aside.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
The CoreValve System is designed with self-expandable technology, deploying the new valve inside the diseased aortic valve without open-heart surgery or surgical removal of the native valve.
It is a less invasive treatment option than open-heart valve surgery."
Consultant cardiologist Dr Jan Kovac said: "In the past, patients had to endure open-heart surgery and would have been in hospital for at least a week after their operation.
Traditionally, the only treatment for ASD has been open-heart surgery, requiring incisions through the breastbone and the heart muscle, followed by sewing a patch over larger defects or stitching together the septum in smaller defects.
The implantable device currently costs about $17,000; with a typical open-heart operation, the hospital bill runs about $50,000, Winkle says.
Prime Minister Sharif went to London this week for a medical check-up where he was advised to undergo an open-heart surgery.
Washington, April 6 ( ANI ): Loyola University Medical Center has successfully implanted a newly approved aortic heart valve device in a patient without doing an open-heart surgery, which comes as a major relief to heart patients.
Open-heart aortic valve replacement surgery and a less invasive catheter-based procedure have similar one-year survival rates in high-risk patients.
Jeddah, November 11, SPA -- The International Islamic Relief Organization of Saudi Arabia (IIROSA), the aid arm of the Saudi-based World Muslim League, will launch pediatric open-heart surgeries in Morocco with participation of a number of Saudi pediatric cardiac surgeons from November 12-20.
Before the new treatment, he would have needed major open-heart surgery and a lengthy stay in intensive care.
The deadly "stunned heart" phenomenon -- caused by inflammation of heart tissue following the restoration of blood flow -- was once an all-too-common aftermath of open-heart surgery.