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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
These transcatheter valves - Sapien 3, Sapien 3 Ultra, CoreValve Evolut R and CoreValve Evolut PRO - were previously indicated only for patients at intermediate or higher risk for death or major complications during open-heart surgery. In low risk patients, open-heart surgery has been the standard-of-care for aortic valve replacement.
Dr Safia Al Khaja, Director General of Al Qassimi Hospital for Women and Children, reiterated that the hospital's new service will underpin the level of services the ministry is offering to Sharjah and Northern Emirates residents, adding that paediatric open-heart surgery service was first made available in January 2019, through the Visiting Consultant Programme.
Instead of using open-heart surgery to replace a blocked aortic valve, a cardiologist using TAVR makes a small incision, usually in the groin, and guides a catheter through the blood vessels and across the aortic valve.
Prior to this clinical trial, doctors looked to open-heart surgery to repair or replace the mitral valve as one way to alleviate the mitral regurgitation, according to Northwell Health.
TAVR evolved from the frustration of cardiac surgeons over their inability to treat valve disease patients who were too old, too frail or too sick for open-heart surgery. A French surgeon, Alain Cribier, performed the world's first transcatheter aortic valve replacement in 2002.
After complications the former governor of California had the open-heart surgery on March 29 at Cedars Sinai in Los Angeles.
[USA], Apr 3 ( ANI ): Quoting his famous 'Terminator' catchphrase, Arnold Schwarzenegger has announced he is back on Twitter after undergoing open-heart surgery last week.
To treat her condition, Ahlam had to endure several procedures, including major open-heart surgery, as an infant.
In the US, the company's SAPIEN 3 valve is the first transcatheter heart valve approved for the treatment of both aortic and mitral patients who are at high risk for a subsequent open-heart surgery to replace their bioprosthetic valve.
Several years ago, a new option emerged for people too frail or sick for surgery, or who were considered "high risk" for open-heart surgery. It is called trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and it eliminates the need for open surgery.
ISLAMABAD (Monitoring Desk) -- Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) spokesman, Naeemul Haq, on Sunday alleged Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif lied about his recent open-heart surgery.
Fay Murrish's daughter Chanel made it into the Guinness Book of Records after undergoing open-heart surgery at the Freeman Hospital just one minute after being born.