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When a dog is over threshold, operant conditioning works very poorly because the dog is not rational at all.
Withdrawing those entities from our causal analyses and embracing an explanation based on the combination of classical and operant conditioning can only enhance the theoretical solidity and experimental possibilities of research on clinical change.
Operant conditioning boxes are commonly used with laboratory animals (such as rats, mice or even pigeons and non-human primates) for modeling a wide variety of cognitive functions and related disorders.
Although no studies have reported a relationship between anxiety-related measures in the EPM and impulsivity indices during operant conditioning, the current results seem to be consistent with the data obtained from the factor-analysis techniques for the EPM measures.
In this respect, it would appear that, despite most experiments providing evidence for both operant conditioning and Pavlovian conditioning, these experiments were simply based on animals and their behaviour.
Operant conditioning of brain rhythms rewards brain activity and selected frequencies whenever such activity spontaneously makes its appearance.
Research shows that this type of operant conditioning causes long-lasting behavioral changes where people will avoid situations that brought on the punishment stimulus even when there was no longer any possibility of such a stimulus occurring.
At a training seminar by Bob Bailey, Nikki was introduced to operant conditioning, where animals are taught to think for themselves and are rewarded for doing the right thing.
However, while in operant conditioning, the selector is clearly defined as a reinforcing consequence, in cultural evolution the environment has been identified as the receiving system (Glenn & Malott, 2004), as the product of interrelated behavior (Malott & Glenn, 2006), and as consequence, external to the IBC's and its product (Glenn, 2010).
Simply put, clicker training is based on the psychological principles of operant conditioning, which is the use of consequences to modify the occurrence and form of voluntary behavior.
Teaching toward mandated objectives is more open ended as compared to operant conditioning, but it still stresses the teacher focusing upon closure in terms of pupils achieving what is measurable.
Operant conditioning represents a unique data language that describes the lawfulness of behavior as derived from the cumulative record over time of consistent correlations between the universally observed or 'public' form or topography of behavior and its consequences.