Surgery

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SURGERY, med. jur. That part of the healing art which relates to external diseases; their treatment; and, specially, to the manual operations adopted for their cure.
     2. Every lawyer should have some acquaintance with surgery; his knowledge on this subject will be found useful in cases of homicide and wounds.

References in periodicals archive ?
In two patients with malignant insulinoma, distal pancreatic resections were performed as palliative surgery. In both of them, the disease progressed, and the patients died 1.3 years and 4.2 years after surgery.
Therefore, the role for palliative surgery remains controversial and should only be considered in patients with more favourable disease factors and therapeutic options for their disease.
The overall survival of patients who underwent R0 resection was better than those who were treated with only palliative surgery for advanced disease at diagnosis (median survival time: 57 months versus 7 months, p < 0.001; see Figure 1).
Our experience demonstrates that, although palliative surgery in the form of a simple closure with an omental patch has been recommended in cases with diffuse peritonitis and poor general condition, the patients had a better long-term postoperative survival period when curative resection was performed.
Till date accurate staging for hepatobiliary malignancy is important, as there is no role for laparotomy or palliative surgery in the presence of metastatic disease.
Management included radical surgery (R0, no microscopic evidence of residual disease), palliative surgery (R1, microscopic evidence of residual disease and R2, residual tumor visible to the naked eye), adjuvant chemotherapy, and palliative chemotherapy.
While providing a better understanding of this tumor's metastasis through a review of the literature, our report describes the role of palliative surgery for metastases to the paranasal sinuses.
Palliative surgery is usually considered in patients with advanced age and presence of distant metastases and when primary carcinoma cannot be completely resected [22].
Palliative Surgery. A widely accepted definition is central to the evolution of the discipline, as this would enable the development of standards, audits, research, and outcome measures, which in turn lead to improved patient care.