Proportion of cows that became pregnant based upon P4 concentrations and rectal palpation
and rates of pregnancy loss were not different (p>0.1) among the treatment groups (Table 1).
A detailed knowledge of topographical anatomy is essential to accurate palpation
, particularly for scalenus anterior as it has a conceptually difficult location in the root of the neck.
rails are simple structures that allow a group of animals to be restrained in a common area (Figure 4-2).
is a skill all serious rabbit breeders should master.
Chemical immobilization is previously suggested to have negative immediate and long-term impact on fetal and/or early calf survival in moose (e.g., Larsen and Gauthier 1989), and similarly, different handling procedures, such as rectal palpation
for pregnancy determination, can potentially affect the reproductive outcome (Franco et al.
Prior to the introduction of ultrasound guidance into our departmental clinic, FNAs were performed by manual palpation
. In 2011, ultrasound guidance began to be incorporated into our practice.
The amount of pressure during digital palpation
was standardized (6-8kg) in calibrated weighing scale (Detecto Weighing Scale 1250-LPAN Cardinal Webb City, MO, USA) provided by the physical laboratory in the College of Dentistry at King Saud University.
Diagnosis is made by rectal palpation
of the uterus, which will be grossly fluid-filled, with little space for the examining arm and generally no fetus to be felt.
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pain threshold upon palpation
of the masticatory muscles in women with TMD according to the RDC/ TMD.
The natural approach is to perform localisation by instrumental mechanoreceptoric palpation
, which is applicable in laparoscopic surgery and serves as an analogue of conventional manual palpation
in open surgery To the best of our knowledge, the only currently available commercial device for intraoperative instrumental mechanoreceptoric palpation
is the Medical Tactile Endosurgical Complex (MTEC).
For clinical categorical data with "Yes" and "No" responses, pain based on muscle palpation
and joint sounds, kappa statistic (unweighted Cohen's kappa), and percent agreement with the "reference" were calculated.
For instance, several studies have evaluated the accuracy of static palpation
, which generally uses the palpated iliac crests to identify the L4-5 interspace; these studies have consistently reported errors such that the identified spinal level is almost always cephalad to the intended spinal level (7, 13-18).