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A Bonferroni Z-test on the combined summer data indicated that red maple, mountain maple, cherry, and mountain ash were eaten more than available in summer, willow less than available, and juneberry, paper birch, and quaking aspen proportional to availability (Table 8).
The habitat and range of the thin-barked paper birch includes high altitudes and the far northern regions of North America--places where temperate fluctuations are most extreme.
The link established between paper birch wood discolorations and tree defect prompts an analysis of the relationship between tree vigor and wood color as well as lumber recovery.
As with many working class children of urban America, I was treated to a week of summer vacation in the "wilderness." My family traveled to the wilds of northern Wisconsin once a year, and I recall the thrill I felt when we entered the zone of paper birches. The beautiful white bark of the birch trees in the morning sun filled me with an inexplicable joy.
Wang says his four-year research program will analyze paper birch and its potential as an alternative hardwood.
This phenomenon is typical of stands dominated by trees bearing serotinous cones such as black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP.) and jack pine (Pinus banksiana Ait.), as well as by species with root systems that survive fire such as paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.) and aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) (Viereck 1983, Gagnon 1989, Gauthier et al.
We extended the information for three of the dominant species (pin cherry, paper birch, and yellow birch) by harvesting representative trees from unfertilized forests at two of the stands (M-1, O-3).
Bark from the paper birch tree is just about perfect for making stuff.
Paper birch (Betula papyrifera), with bark that peels off in white sheets, grows well throughout the Northwest, the Rockies, and California's mountains.
In North America, the white-barked beauty is the paper birch, Betula papyrifera.
While paper birch (Betula papyrifera) is the most commonly tapped birch, all birches in the Betula genus will work.
Response of winter chemical defense in Alaska paper birch and green alder to manipulation of plant carbon/nutrient balance.