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A territorial or geographical division of a country or state.

A circuit is the judicial territory over which a court has the jurisdiction to hear cases.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a periodical journey made to an area by judges. The regularity of the practice led to the administrative divisions of the English court service being described as circuits. The Scottish High Court of Justiciary still sits on circuit around Scotland.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006
References in periodicals archive ?
Case 2: The Ultracapacitors Cells Are Connected into Two Parallel Circuits. In this case, the ten cells of this module are divided into two parallel circuits and deliver the energy to the load through the boost and the inductor.
Caption: FIGURE 5: SC equivalent model based on first-order RC parallel circuit.
The presence of an ideal parallel circuit, tuned at the fundamental frequency, leads to a sinusoidal collector voltage giving a sinusoidal current flowing into the load resistor R, while all harmonic current components are flowing through this parallel circuit having an infinite impedance at the fundamental and zero impedance at all harmonics.
When C and R are calculated from an equivalent series circuit of C and R, the value of R is almost the same obtained by parallel circuit, but the value of R is around [10.sup.-6]F (Farads), which is far different from the observed value.
In view of the actual shunting route of lightning current, the sliding contact site is modeled as a simple parallel circuit, as shown in Figure 3.
[Z.sub.1] is a RC parallel circuit with resistance [R.sub.1] = 30[ohm] and capacitor [C.sub.1] = 5pF, [Z.sub.2] is a diode.
This, Bigoney said, allows the two-speed hydraulic motors to run in a parallel circuit and provides three-speed selection by varying motor displacement independently while maintaining traction to prevent spinout or excessive braking on one wheel.
Basically, it can be considered as four independent hydraulic motors in a parallel circuit connected to a common shaft, according to the company.
An advantage of the series feedback design is the relative ease of coupling to a single line compared to the parallel circuit's requirement for coupling to two lines.