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Related to paraph: designation
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The text is divided by infrequent red paraphs and red-slashed capitals and looks plainer than unit 2.
The evidential value of other 'annotation' is harder to assess, particularly paraph marks and underlinings, both of which seem to have been parts of the original design of the manuscript.
The poems in Paraph of the Bone & Other Kinds of Blue strike the page like the valves of Davis's trumpet.
The decoration is also somewhat different between the two texts: decorated gold-leaf initials mark off the English headings of the first text; blue paraph marks divide the entries in the second.
Each quotation is accompanied by a biblical reference that should, according to the placement of the paraph marks, refer to the quotation preceding the reference.
The first line of each couplet is closed with a red virgule, and, after the opening initial, each couplet is headed by a red paraph and a red slashed-line initial.
For example, many items in booklet 6--a collection of fabliaux, courtesy books, and texts on womens nature--begin with a special paraph found only in booklet 6.
A paraph is placed within the stanza here and indicates the opening of each new speech in the dialogue between "Thomas" and the Friend.
The scribes of fifteenth-century manuscripts often used a pair of virgules to guide the rubricator to add a paraph mark ([paragraph]) at the point thus noted.
Spirleng divided the text of the Canterbury Tales with the same paraph marks, giving the page the same visual aspect.
However, little has been done to address features of the text that potentially represent a further stage of production and therefore a further stage of collaboration--features such as the paraph. (4) My purpose, then, is to address the nature of the paraph as a textual object, one capable of being scrutinized with the same rigor applied to scribal hands of the period.
(1) Recent examples concerning the late medieval period include Jessica Brantley's analysis of the presentation of tail-rhyme in Chaucer's Sir Thopas, Aditi Nafde's comparison of page layout in autograph and non-autograph manuscripts of Hoccleve's poetry, and the study of the Polychronicon by Ruth Carroll, et al., which highlights that paraphs were used as a "visual structuring device." (2) However, in discussions of medieval page design, the ruling patterns have received relatively little attention in comparison with other features.