child

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child

n. 1) a person's natural offspring. 2) a person 14 years and under. A "child" should be distinguished from a "minor" who is anyone under 18 in almost all states.

child

noun adolescent, boy, daughter, filia, filius, fosser child, girl, grandchild, infant, ingenue, issue, lineal descendant, minor, newborn, offspring, scion, young, young boy, young descendant, young girl, youngling, youngster, youth
Associated concepts: abandoned child, abortive child, adopted child, afterborn child, child born out of wedlock, child by future marriage, child custody, child labor, child support, childbirth, childcare, childhood, en ventre sa mere, foster child, illegitimate child, legitimate child, minor child, natural child, neglected child, orphan, posthumous child, pretermitted child, stepchild
See also: dependent, descendant, infant, issue, juvenile, minor, offspring, progeny

child

1 a young person. The law in either England and Scotland cannot be said to offer any single definition of the word. Various ages are defined as childhood, but all are under the age of majority, which is 18.
2 in wills and deeds, ‘child’ can refer to persons of any age. Normally ‘child’ will refer to issue in the first generation only, excluding grandchildren or remoter issue, but if the testator's intention can be interpreted as including descendants then the position maybe different.
3 throughout the UK for the purposes of child support, a qualifying child is a person under the age of 16 or under 19 and in full-time (but not advanced) education or under 18 in certain circumstances and a person who has not contracted a valid, void or annulled marriage. A qualifying child is one for which one or both parents is an absent parent.

CHILD, CHILDREN, domestic relations. A child is the son or daughter in relation to the father or mother.
     2. We will here consider the law, in general terms, as it relates to the condition, duties, and rights of children; and, afterwards, the extent which has been given to the word child or children by dispositions in wills and testaments.
     3.-1. Children born in lawful wedlock, or within a competent time afterwards, are presumed to be the issue of the father, and follow his condition; those born out of lawful wedlock, follow the condition of the mother. The father is bound to maintain his children and to educate them, and to protect them from injuries. Children are, on their part, bound to maintain their fathers and mothers, when in need, and they are of ability so to do. Poth. Du Marriage, n. 384, 389. The father in general is entitled to the custody of minor children, but, under certain circumstances, the mother will be entitled to them, when the father and mother have separated. 5 Binn. 520. Children are liable to the reasonable correction of their parents. Vide Correction
     4.-2. The term children does not ordinarily and properly speaking comprehend grandchildren, or issue generally; yet sometimes that meaning is, affixed to it, in cases of necessity; 6 Co. 16; and it has been held to signify the same as issue, in cases where the testator, by using the terms children and issue indiscriminately, showed his intention to use the former term in the sense of issue, so as to entitle grandchildren, & c., to take under it. 1 Ves. sen. 196; Ambl. 555; 3 Ves. 258; Ambl. 661; 3 Ves. & Bea. 69. When legally construed, the term children is confined to legitimate children. 7 Ves. 458. The civil code of Louisiana, art. 2522, n. 14, enacts, that "under the, name of children are comprehended, not only children of the first degree, but the grandchildren, great-grand-children, and all other descendants in the direct line."
     5. Children are divided into legitimate children, or those born in lawful wedlock; and natural or illegitimate children, who are born bastards. (q.v.) Vide Natural Children. Illegitimate children are incestuous bastards, or those which are not incestuous.
     6. Posthumous children are those who are born after the death of their fathers. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. prel. t. 2, s. 1, Sec. 7 L. 3, Sec. 1, ff de inj. rupt.
     7. In Pennsylvania, the will of their fathers, in, which no provision is made for them, is revoked, as far as regards them, by operation of law. 3 Binn. R. 498. See, as to the law of Virginia on this subject, 3 Munf. 20, and article In ventre sa mere. Vide, generally, 8 Vin. Ab. 318; 8 Com. Dig. 470; Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; 2 Kent, Com. 172; 4 Kent, Com. 408, 9; 1 Rop. on Leg. 45 to 76; 1 Supp. to Ves. jr. 442 Id. 158; Natural children.

References in periodicals archive ?
Present study hypothesized that (1) there would be a relationship between parental personality traits and parent-child relationship, (2) openness to experience in parents would predict parental support, satisfaction, communication, involvement and autonomy, (3) conscientiousness in parents would predict parental support, satisfaction, communication, involvement and autonomy, (4) extraversion in parents would predict parental support, satisfaction, communication, involvement and autonomy, (5) agreeableness in parents would predict parental support, satisfaction, communication, involvement and autonomy, and (6) neuroticism in parents would predict parental support, satisfaction, communication, involvement and autonomy.
Adolescence continues to be thought of as a period during which the quality of parent-child interactions can be relatively stressed and conflict.
One parent-child attorney noted: "The idea is a good one and has the potential to work[,] but it is entirely dependent on the individual characteristics of the facilitator.
To extend the generality of their findings, we assessed the relationship between age, parent-child agreement regarding treatment responsibility, diabetes-related family conflict, and HbA1c levels among youth aged 8-18 years (compared with 9-14 years).
Specifically, this is the first study on Taiwanese child and parenting styles that explores parent-child relationships bilaterally.
In general, where they were measured, studies found that parent-child interaction and adolescents' knowledge and attitudes improved.
They found differences in parent-child dietary intake resemblance, across nutrients and dietary assessment approaches.
With both parents busy at work, the parent-child relationship is easily ignored because parents have less time to meet with children at meal times, talk as a family, and engage in fun occasions.
They reported that effective parenting practices contribute to positive parent-child relationships which, in turn, contribute to healthy child development.
Parent-child pairs of the same gender had covered fewer topics before baseline than had those of opposite gender (6.
This study investigated Chinese family communication patterns, their effects on children's conflict styles, and the children's perceptions of parent-child relationship satisfaction.
A full and final adoption establishes a parent-child relationship; it can occur only if both adoptive parents, or the sole adoptive parent (in adoptions by one parent) see the orphan before or during the adoption proceedings.

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