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Any person involved in a transaction or proceeding. A group of voters organized for the purpose of influencing governmental policy, particularly through the nomination and election of candidates for public office.

Plaintiffs and defendants are Parties in lawsuits, for example. They have the right to make claims and defenses, offer proof, and examine and cross-examine witnesses at trials. They can pursue appeals after unsatisfactory judgments if they satisfy designated criteria.In the United States, the Democrats and the Republicans make up the two major national political parties.


Democratic Party; Republican Party.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. 1) one of the participants in a lawsuit or other legal proceeding who has an interest in the outcome. Parties include plaintiff (person filing suit), defendant (person sued or charged with a crime), petitioner (files a petition asking for a court ruling), respondent (usually in opposition to a petition or an appeal), cross-complainant (a defendant who sues someone else in the same lawsuit), or cross-defendant (a person sued by a cross-complainant). 2) a person or entity involved in an agreement. 3) a common reference by lawyers to people or entities involved in lawsuits, transactions, contracts, accidents, as in "both parties knew what was expected," "he is a party to the contract," "he was not a party to the criminal conspiracy..." (See: plaintiff, defendant, petitioner, respondent, contract, indispensable party, necessary party, proper party, real party in interest)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

PARTY, practice, contracts. When applied to practice, by party is understood either the plaintiff or defendant. In contracts, a party is one or more persons who engage to perform or receive the performance of some agreement. Vide Parties to contracts; Parties to 'actions; Parties to a suit in equity.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Party poopers will no doubt sneer, but today's confirmation of a Pounds 300,000 handout to fund millennium celebrations in Coventry has got to be good news for everyone.
The poll of 2,500 adults by Zurich Insurance shows that men were more likely to be party poopers, with one in five admitting they felt like Scrooge.
TEN-man Cheltenham proved party poopers for the second week running when their draw robbed Huddersfield of an automatic return to the Second Division.
GERMAN party poopers Borussia Dortmund have banned vuvuzelas from their Wes t fa lens tadion nex t season.
It will be a great atmosphere with a packed crowd and live television broadcast, but we will go there with the intention of being party poopers.''
SCOTTISH PREMIERSHIP leaders Celtic were booed off at Parkhead as Ross County once more proved to be party poopers.
Wakefield were party poopers in front of a 10,143 Headingley crowd as they ran in five tries to four to bring the Grand Final winners down to earth in their first outing since October's Old Trafford triumph under Tony Smith.
KENNY JACKETT is urging his Wolves side to be party poopers today at Rotherham.
WEST HAM are notorious party poopers, especially if it's West Ham fans holding the party.
Hammers can wreck City party WEST HAM are notorious party poopers, especially if it's West Ham fans holding the party.
My favourite site for supplies is Party Poopers. They stock all sorts of goodies, from party cassettes to cake tins, paper cups and streamers.