Pass

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Pass

As a verb, to utter or pronounce, as when the court passes sentence upon a prisoner. Also to proceed; to be rendered or given, as when judgment is said to pass for the plaintiff in a suit.

In legislative parlance, a bill or resolution is said to pass when it is agreed to or enacted by the house, or when the body has sanctioned its adoption by the requisite majority of votes; in the same circumstances, the body is said to pass the bill or motion.

When an auditor appointed to examine any accounts certifies to their correctness, she is said to pass them; i.e., they pass through the examination without being detained or sent back for inaccuracy or imperfection.

The term also means to examine anything and then authoritatively determine the disputed questions that it involves. In this sense a jury is said to pass upon the rights or issues in litigation before them.

In the language of conveyancing, the term means to move from one person to another; i.e. to be transferred or conveyed from one owner to another.

To publish; utter; transfer; circulate; impose fraudulently. This is the meaning of the word when referring to the offense of passing counterfeit money or a forged paper.

As a noun, permission to pass; a license to go or come; a certificate, emanating from authority, wherein it is declared that a designated person is permitted to go beyond certain boundaries that, without such authority, he could not lawfully pass. Also a ticket issued by a railroad or other transportation company, authorizing a designated person to travel free on its lines, between certain points or for a limited time.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PASS. In the slave states this word signifies a certificate given by the master or mistress to a slave, in which it is stated that he is permitted to leave his home, with the authority of his master or mistress. The paper on which such certificate is written is also called a pass.

PASS, practice. To be given, or entered; to proceed; as, let the judgment pass for the plaintiff.

TO PASS. To accomplish, to complete, to decide.
     2. The title to goods passes by the sale whenever the parties have agreed upon the sale and the price, and nothing remains to be done to complete the agreement. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 939.
     3. When a jury decide upon the rights of the parties, which are in issue, they are said to pass upon them.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
A protest march by a right-wing group and a counter demonstration by anti-fascists has passed off largely peacefully after a huge police operation.
More than 9,000 policemen were deployed on security duty and the idol processions from various parts of the city to the Beach front and the immersion in the sea, passed off peacefully without any untoward incident.
Defra investigators estimate Owen, who was buying caged eggs at around 35p per dozen and selling them for up to 90p per dozen, may have wrongly passed off around 100 million eggs.
A spokesman for the Metropolitan Police said: "There were no major incidents and it seemed like it passed off smoothly."
Police said the event had passed off without incident.
One fake ring being sold by the Eastern European gang was said to be a cheap metal ring being passed off as genuine 18 carat gold.
The vertical dotted line is added to the illustration to suggest a midpoint where attackers can be "passed off" to a new defender.
A study last year estimated more than 700,000 drivers countrywide had passed off points in the past decade.
This barbaric trade ensures a nasty, brutish and short life for the animals whose pelts are passed off as anything but pet fur.
The narrative follows the adventures of Rebecca and Doug as they are passed off to their Uncle Fitzroy MacKenzie, captain of the oceanographic research ship Expedient.
Some people who have unconventional ideas usually get passed off as a bit of a nut, he says.
Vicki Saporta, director of the National Abortion Federation, passed off Hope's death as a "miscarriage of a 22-week nonviable fetus." Lowe's perspective differs vividly from Saporta's statement.