Pass

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Pass

As a verb, to utter or pronounce, as when the court passes sentence upon a prisoner. Also to proceed; to be rendered or given, as when judgment is said to pass for the plaintiff in a suit.

In legislative parlance, a bill or resolution is said to pass when it is agreed to or enacted by the house, or when the body has sanctioned its adoption by the requisite majority of votes; in the same circumstances, the body is said to pass the bill or motion.

When an auditor appointed to examine any accounts certifies to their correctness, she is said to pass them; i.e., they pass through the examination without being detained or sent back for inaccuracy or imperfection.

The term also means to examine anything and then authoritatively determine the disputed questions that it involves. In this sense a jury is said to pass upon the rights or issues in litigation before them.

In the language of conveyancing, the term means to move from one person to another; i.e. to be transferred or conveyed from one owner to another.

To publish; utter; transfer; circulate; impose fraudulently. This is the meaning of the word when referring to the offense of passing counterfeit money or a forged paper.

As a noun, permission to pass; a license to go or come; a certificate, emanating from authority, wherein it is declared that a designated person is permitted to go beyond certain boundaries that, without such authority, he could not lawfully pass. Also a ticket issued by a railroad or other transportation company, authorizing a designated person to travel free on its lines, between certain points or for a limited time.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PASS. In the slave states this word signifies a certificate given by the master or mistress to a slave, in which it is stated that he is permitted to leave his home, with the authority of his master or mistress. The paper on which such certificate is written is also called a pass.

PASS, practice. To be given, or entered; to proceed; as, let the judgment pass for the plaintiff.

TO PASS. To accomplish, to complete, to decide.
     2. The title to goods passes by the sale whenever the parties have agreed upon the sale and the price, and nothing remains to be done to complete the agreement. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 939.
     3. When a jury decide upon the rights of the parties, which are in issue, they are said to pass upon them.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cicada, cricket, we were drilled by insect hexachords, the quarry garbled and transumed whatever sentence we passed upon the dark, upon the rushes that swayed in the far shallows, and the throb - monotonous, incessant - that was the quarry's breathing: who needed words?
The CSE has in no way passed upon the merits of the Proposed Transaction and has neither approved or disapproved the contents of this press release.
'Notably, the Court found these matters to be evidentiary, 'that do not need to be reflected with particularity in the Information, and may be passed upon at the full-blown trial on the merits of the case,'' the resolution stated.
"At the onset, accused Padolina offers no compelling reason to warrant a reversal by this court of its earlier resolution." The anti-graft court said Padolina's "motion is simply a rehash of the arguments raised in his motion to suspend proceedings...which this court has already passed upon."
and passed upon by the administrative body and substitute its own judgment regarding the sufficiency of evidence," the court ruling read.
'The matters raised therein have been thoroughly and exhaustively passed upon by this court,' the court said.
He told him: "You must understand, in due course it is likely that a sentence of imprisonment will be passed upon you.
has in no way passed upon the merits of the proposed transaction and has neither approved nor disapproved the contents of this news release.
Their claim that the complaint-affidavit was falsified is something that is "a matter of defense which is best ventilated and passed upon during the trial of the case," the court ruled.
"In this case, the parties presented the same arguments that have already been judiciously passed upon and properly considered by the court in its assailed resolution," the decision added.
'A perusal of petitioner's motion for reconsideration, however, reveals rehashed arguments that had already been exhaustively discussed and squarely passed upon by this Court in the decision sought to be reconsidered,' the CA ruled.