(redirected from passer-by)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to passer-by: passerby, passersby


As a verb, to utter or pronounce, as when the court passes sentence upon a prisoner. Also to proceed; to be rendered or given, as when judgment is said to pass for the plaintiff in a suit.

In legislative parlance, a bill or resolution is said to pass when it is agreed to or enacted by the house, or when the body has sanctioned its adoption by the requisite majority of votes; in the same circumstances, the body is said to pass the bill or motion.

When an auditor appointed to examine any accounts certifies to their correctness, she is said to pass them; i.e., they pass through the examination without being detained or sent back for inaccuracy or imperfection.

The term also means to examine anything and then authoritatively determine the disputed questions that it involves. In this sense a jury is said to pass upon the rights or issues in litigation before them.

In the language of conveyancing, the term means to move from one person to another; i.e. to be transferred or conveyed from one owner to another.

To publish; utter; transfer; circulate; impose fraudulently. This is the meaning of the word when referring to the offense of passing counterfeit money or a forged paper.

As a noun, permission to pass; a license to go or come; a certificate, emanating from authority, wherein it is declared that a designated person is permitted to go beyond certain boundaries that, without such authority, he could not lawfully pass. Also a ticket issued by a railroad or other transportation company, authorizing a designated person to travel free on its lines, between certain points or for a limited time.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PASS. In the slave states this word signifies a certificate given by the master or mistress to a slave, in which it is stated that he is permitted to leave his home, with the authority of his master or mistress. The paper on which such certificate is written is also called a pass.

PASS, practice. To be given, or entered; to proceed; as, let the judgment pass for the plaintiff.

TO PASS. To accomplish, to complete, to decide.
     2. The title to goods passes by the sale whenever the parties have agreed upon the sale and the price, and nothing remains to be done to complete the agreement. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 939.
     3. When a jury decide upon the rights of the parties, which are in issue, they are said to pass upon them.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Police say the passer-by was a white male and aged in his 30s.
The family's postcode and house number were written on Ernie's red collar, which is how the passer-by was able to trace the family.
"We are very grateful to the kind passer-by for rescuing this poor dog, who was suffering a horrible end to his life after being so callously dumped on his own in this way.
A man has gone on trial accused of being part of a gang who threatened a passer-by with a knife before stealing three mobile phones and Dhs1,500.
Peter Henley was reporting live for the BBC News channel, when a passer-by took one look at the journalist and landed a snowball on him, the Independent reported.
When a rapid responsive vehicle arrived paramedics found at the man was unconscious and being CPR by a passer-by.
Summary: A passer-by was wounded by crossfire when two clans clashed early Monday in the south Beirut suburb of Tahwitat al-Ghadir, security sources said.
The actor also said that far from being unconscious he was actually attempting to make a phone call before he was "yanked" out of the car by a passer-by, named as Jason Pennington.
A PASSER-BY helped prevent a crime when he alerted police to an attempted car jacking, according to prosecutors.
The pair crashed to the ground on the street outside and Stephenson, 30, made a run for it with the money - but was then tripped up by a brave passer-by who managed to snatch the cash bag back.
A passer-by had come to the aid of the driver when the dynamite suddenly began to explode.