Passive

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passive

adj. referring to being inactive. A "passive trustee" is one who has no responsibilities other than to hold title or wait for an event which would activate the trust. "Passive income" for tax purposes includes any income in which there is no effort or active management, and is treated differently for some purposes, such as social security income limitations. It may include stock dividends, trust profits, rents with no management involvement, and interest on bank accounts.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

PASSIVE, com. law. All the sums of which one is a debtor. It is used in contradistinction to active. (q.v.) By active debts are understood those which may be employed in furnishing assets to a merchant to pay those which he owes, which are called passive debts.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a cross-sectional analysis of data from 3 years of the Health Survey for England, marked dose-response relationships were observed between passive smoking exposure and respiratory symptoms, but the most marked effects were on the development of clinically significant COPD, where the risk among never-smokers was doubled if exposure exceeded 20 h/week.37 In another study conducted on females in Syria, passive smoking was associated with FEV1/FVC<70% after bronchodilators, which confirms the role of passive smoking in airway obstruction.38 Though we enrolled our subjects from different age groups, residence and educational levels, by involving attendants of patients coming in the OPD, the single-centre nature is our study's limitation.
Passive smoking at home and cancer risk: a population-based prospective study in Japanese non-smoking women.
Table 4 shows that passive smoking is significantly decreasing as level of education increasing.
"Reports indicate nearly 600,000 people die of passive smoking around the world every year.
"I'm alarmed to see that our area is potentially one of the worst in the country for this, so I hope that by raising awareness of the damage passive smoking can cause to the lungs of children I can help change some attitudes locally."
The association of both active and passive smoking with increased risk of breast cancer is biologically plausible, especially when exposure occurs during certain critical periods, according to the study.
A Royal College of Physicians report this year claimed 22,000 cases of asthma in children caused were by passive smoking.
Passive smoking also places a large financial burden on the NHS.
And 40 babies die from sudden infant death syndrome every year caused by passive smoking - one in five of all cot deaths.
DOCTORS today called for a ban on smoking in all vehicles after a new report revealed passive smoking causes at least 22,000 new cases of asthma and wheezing in children every year.
DOCTORS today called for a ban on smoking in all vehicles after a report revealed passive smoking causes at least 22,000 new cases of asthma and wheezing in children every year.
Passive smoking and cardiovascular pathology; mechanisms and physiopathological bases of damage.