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A document that indicates permission granted by a sovereign to its citizen to travel to foreign countries and return and requests foreign governments to allow that citizen to pass freely and safely.

With respect to International Law, a passport is a license of safe conduct, issued during a war, that authorizes an individual to leave a war-ring nation or to remove his or her effects from that nation to another country; it also authorizes a person to travel from country to country without being subject to arrest or detention because of the war. In maritime law, a passport is a document issued to a neutral vessel by its own government during a war that is carried on the voyage as evidence of the nationality of the vessel and as protection against the vessels of the warring nations. This paper is also labeled a pass, sea-pass, sealetter, or sea-brief. It usually contains the captain's or master's name and residence; the name, property, description, tonnage, and destination of the ship; the nature and quantity of the cargo; and the government under which it sails.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a document (for UK citizens issued by the Foreign Office) certifying the holder's nationality and citizenship. It suggests allegiance to the Crown, and thus is important in relation to the crime of TREASON.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PASSPORT, SEA BRIEF, or SEA LETTER, maritime law. A paper containing a permission from the neutral state to the captain or master of a ship or vessel to proceed on the voyage proposed; it usually contains his name and residence; the name, property, description, tonnage and destination of the ship; the nature and quantity of the cargo; the place from whence it comes, and its destination; with such other matters as the practice of the place requires.
     2. This document is indispensably necessary in time of war for the safety of every neutral vessel. Marsh. Ins. B. 1, c. 9, s. 6, p. 406, b.
     3. In most countries of continental Europe passports are given to travellers; these are intended to protect them on their journey from all molestation, while they are obedient to the laws. Passports are also granted by the secretary of state to persons travelling abroad, certifying that they are citizens of the United States. 9 Pet. 692. Vide 1 Kent, Com. 162, 182; Merl. Repert. h.t.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Since opened five years ago, the number of Emirati passport renewals at the centre increased by 768 percent, from 1715 in 2014 to 13,168 in 2018, the official said.
Shumaila Riaz another visitor at the passport office appreciated the new system and said that it will save the time of people coming to the passport office for their new passport or renewal.
Earlier, a probe jointly carried out by Passport Office and the Federal Investigation Agency had revealed that around 84,000 government officials and senior bureaucrats had obtained passports in private capacity apparently to void getting mandatory No Objection Certificates (NOCs) from their departments before flying abroad.
Minister of Information, Communication and Technology, Stanley Simataa said the cabinet has authorised the Ministry of Home Affairs to increase the validity period of the three categories of Namibian passports to 10 years.
Information emanating from the passport office has it that it is producing about 300 passports per day.
Despite paying extra money for an urgent delivery, I have not received my passport. The government should look into this, I'm sure there are other people suffering too.
Foreign states, according to Locsin, have total rights to reject foreign passport holders unless it is held by working diplomat with a diplomatic passport.
According to the DFA, it issued a diplomatic passport to Del Rosario in December 2016 as approved by then Secretary Perfecto Yasay by virtue of Department Order 12-1993.
Fees: It costs S,550 for a 32-page and Sh6,050-page passport document.
African leaders started using a common passport in July 2016.
On expiry of the given period of three months, the passports of defaulting officers/officials will be cancelled/blocked and a legal action under the relevant Section of Passport Act 1974 will be initiated against them by the department concerned through Federal Investigation Agency (FIA).