Graft

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Graft

A colloquial term referring to the unlawful acquisition of public money through questionable and improper transactions with public officials.

Graft is the personal gain or advantage earned by an individual at the expense of others as a result of the exploitation of the singular status of, or an influential relationship with, another who has a position of public trust or confidence. The advantage or gain is accrued without any exchange of legitimate compensatory services.

Behavior that leads to graft includes Bribery and dishonest dealings in the performance of public or official acts. Graft usually implies the existence of theft, corruption, Fraud, and the lack of integrity that is expected in any transaction involving a public official.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

GRAFT. A figurative term in chancery practice, to designate the right of a mortgagee in premises, to which the mortgagor at the time of making the mortgage had an imperfect title, but who afterwards obtained a good title. In this case the new mortgage is considered a graft into the old stock, and, as arising in consideration of the former title. 1 Ball & Beat. 46; Id. 40; Id. 57; 1 Pow. on Mortg. 190. See 9 Mass. 34. The same principle has obtained by legislative enactment in Louisiana. If a person contracting an obligation towards another, says the Civil Code, art. 2371, grants a mortgage on property of which he is not then the owner, this mortgage shall be valid, if the debtor should ever acquire the ownership of, the property, by whatever right.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Penetrating keratoplasty, lamellar keratoplasties, and corneoscleral patch grafts remain the more frequently used surgical approach.
Our patients who underwent surgical treatment with ALK more frequently demonstrated an improvement in visual acuity than did patients after other treatment methods (57% versus 27.6% after penetrating keratoplasty and 13.7% after corneoscleral patch graft) [18].
Vira, "Patch graft for corneal perforation following trivial trauma in bilateral Terrien's marginal degeneration," Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Caption: Figure 1: Surgical procedures applied in corneal perforations: (a) full-sized penetrating keratoplasty in fungal keratitis, (b) corneoscleral patch graft in RA patient, and (c) anterior lamellar keratoplasty in necrotizing peripheral keratitis.
Characteristics Total n (%) Female n (%) Male n (%) (n = 247) (n =125) (n =122) Penetrating keratoplasty (PK) 116 (47.0) 60 (52) 56 (48) Indication for surgery Infection 60 (24.3) 36 (28.8) 24 (19.7) Inflammation 33 (13.4) 17 (13.6) 16 (13.1) Ocular trauma 23 (9.3) 7 (5.6) 16 (13.1) Patch graft (PK) 117 (47.3) 56 (48) 61 (52) Indication for surgery Infection 47 (19.0) 22 (17.6) 25 (20.5) Inflammation 54 (21.9) 27 (21.6) 27 (22.1) Ocular trauma 16 (6.5) 7 (5.6) 9 (7.4) ALK 14 (5.7) 9 (64) 5 (36) Indication for surgery Infection 4 (1.6) 3 (2.4) 1 (0.82) Inflammation 7 (2.8) 5 (4.0) 2 (1.64) Ocular trauma 3 (1.2) 1 (0.8) 2 (1.64) Table 2: Subgroups of indications for each surgical treatment.
Unfortunately, perforation occurred 5 days later; thus, a patch graft with a glycerol-preserved cornea was performed.
Fifty-five eyes of 51 patients with initial implantation of a GDD were identified, with 13 eyes excluded from analysis due to previous GDD implantation or use of other patch graft material, leaving 42 eligible eyes from 38 patients.
Surgical revision was promptly performed with a corneal patch graft without further complications.
52: 66-year-old female with NVG had tube exposure through the conjunctiva with no evidence of presence of the keraSys patch graft noted 8 months after her initial surgery.
Reports on efficacy are similarly variable, reflecting the lack of an ideal patch graft material.