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China's patrilineal structure rooted in a preference for sons account for these differences (Wolf 1985; Jacka 1997; Honig and Hershatter 1988).
Patriliny or patrilineal logic is evident in a wide variety of social relations, including sex and marriage, honor killing, female genital mutilation, borders and descent, conferring citizenship of the state or proclaiming an ethnic identity, selective use of Kurdish history, even refuge seeking.
The importance of this is not restricted to patrilineal descent, because, ultimately, all relationships between people, and between people and their nonhuman totemic correlates, are grounded in country.
Por mi parte, en las etnografias realizadas con los gitanos catalanes de Mataro y los gitanos andaluces de La Mina en Cataluna (Lagunas, 2005 y 2010), describo sistemas de parentesco cognaticos y bilaterales con un colorido/gradacion patrilineal. Con ello, pretendo mostrar el paso de una ideologia androcentrica a un sistema bilateral, elastico, flexible y con un funcionamiento solo relativamente estructurado, pero muy diferente al concepto de <<linaje>>, el cual es mas propio del modelo folk de los gitanos.
Although the criterion of Israelite identity in early times was patrilineal, based on bet av (the father's house) (Ex.
(3) In all three novels, mixed-race sons dispute and disrupt white patrilineal authority, troubling the seemingly absolute divisions upon which Southern histories, identities, and social structures rest.
These were often based on (or at least expressed in the idiom of) kinship, including not only the well-known Akan matriclans, but also patrilineal links and marriage alliances.
"Personified in feminine terms and subordinated to masculine reason," she argues, "will has the power to sustain or disrupt order"; it is, in one of the book's characteristically apt phrases, the "hinge between the idea and the accomplishment." Thus while women who willfully do what they should certainly further the projects of chastity, marriage, and patrilineal succession that characterize social normalcy, those projects appear as work and women are revealed to be the key workers.
Temes draws a connection to Zoroastrianism, whose once substantial population could not be sustained by patrilineal succession alone, and parallels this to the nearly vanished Chinese Jewish community.
Dowry inflation and a rigid patrilineal inheritance system meant that girls, and sometimes boys, were left in the care of charitable institutions rather than their families.
"Consistent with patrilineal inheritance, the sacred texts set forth harsh penalties for adultery and other behaviors that lower the husband's probability of paternity.
Drawing from the breadth of traditional and modern Jewish texts, law, and ideology, this two-volume set addresses over seventy contemporary topics, including conversion of adopted children, fertility treatments, patrilineal descent, issues of synagogue management, social justice activism, interfaith marriage, and rituals of death and mourning.