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An impoverished person who is supported at public expense; an indigent litigant who is permitted to sue or defend without paying costs; an impoverished criminal defendant who has a right to receive legal services without charge.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PAUPER. One so poor that he must be supported at the public expense.
    2. The statutes of the several states make ample provisions for the support of the poor. It is not within the plan of this work even to give an abstract of such extensive legislation. Vide 16 Vin. Ab. 259; Botts on the Poor Laws; Woodf. Landl. & Ten. 901.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
It's Government policies which are causing pauperisation.
La nature de la colonisation avait conduit les victimes d'expropriations massives et de la pauperisation a rejoindre les villes ou a emprunter les chemins de l'emigration.
Le portrait flatteur d'une Allemagne a qui tout reussit economiquement se voit egratigner par la pauperisation croissante de certaines categories de la population, bas salaires et retraites en tete.
It is clear to see that this will mean evictions, homelessness and pauperisation of whole sections of our community and the requisite frustration, crime and despair that this brings.
The deliberate pauperisation of the Palestinian economy was further exacerbated by the punitive closure of Palestinian society.
Agbohou believes that Africans risk leaving to their future generations a heritage of the perpetual pauperisation of the continent, leaving its people forever hooked to the begging bowl in Western capitals as opposed to efforts to identify ways and means of raking full charge of the continent's destiny through a break with such negative monetary links that are partly responsible for Africa's current economic decline.
Qui plus est, depuis les annees 1980, certaines municipalites de la region sont aux prises avec des problemes analogues ceux des villes-centres : concurrence avec des territoires plus recemment urbanises, fermeture d'ecoles due au declin demographique, desindustrialisation, vieillissement et pauperisation de la population.
This has been visible in the continuing pauperisation of the people, resulting in Nigeria becoming the poverty capital of the world under the tutelage of the politicians.
[beaucoup moins que] C'est un ras-le-bol general et les maux que nous denoncons sont nombreux [beaucoup plus grand que], a peste Moussa Tchangari, l'un des organisateurs de la marche, citant [beaucoup moins que] le bradage des ressources naturelles [beaucoup plus grand que], [beaucoup moins que] la presence des bases militaires francaises et americaines [beaucoup plus grand que], sur fond de [beaucoup moins que] pauperisation des populations [beaucoup plus grand que].
The pauperisation of the countryside has led to large scale migration to the cities, warping both infrastructure and demography.
Enclosing common land led to the pauperisation of poor tenant farmers as they were denied pasture land that was handed over to already wealthy land owners for their financial gain.